Borneo, the third-largest island worldwide, lies on the equator and is located within the Malay Archipelago between Southeast Asia to the North and Australia to the south. The 287,000-square-mile tropical island is surrounded by the South China Sea and is divided between the Sultanate of Brunei, Indonesia and Malaysia. The largest and southernmost portion of the island is part of the Republic of Indonesia.
Prior to World War II, Borneo was divided between the British and Dutch empires as part of the Anglo-Dutch Treaty of 1824. The island was later occupied by Japanese forces between 1941 and 1945. The wartime occupation decimated local populations and resulted in the execution of intellectuals. The island was also used by the Japanese to hold Allied prisoners of war. In its current administration by three separate nations, Indonesia, Malaysia and the Sultanate of Brunei, the island is the only one in the world divided in this manner.Learn More
The Philippine Islands are located between the equator and the Tropic of Cancer in the Northern Hemisphere. Comprised of over 7,100 islands, the archipelago is situated just off the coast of Southeast Asia and is surrounded by the Pacific Ocean, the South China Sea, Philippine Sea, Celebes Sea, Sulu Sea and the Luzon Strait. It is also located along the Pacific Ring of Fire.Full Answer >
Rice is the largest crop of Southeast Asia. Fifty-eight percent of the world's rice is produced in the region, with Thailand the world's second-largest rice exporter (following China). Tea, spices and coconuts are also major food crops produced in Southeast Asia.Full Answer >
Kuala Lumpur is the most populous city of Malaysia, which is in Southeast Asia. Kuala Lumpur is located in Peninsular Malaysia east of the Strait of Malacca.Full Answer >
Malaysia is situated in Southeastern Asia, north of the equator and to the south of Vietnam. Malaysia comprises a peninsula that borders Brunei, Indonesia and Thailand. Malaysia is also bordered by the South China Sea to the east.Full Answer >