The days of staking out a parcel of wild land in Oregon and starting a self-sufficient homestead are over. The Federal Land Policy and Management Act of 1976 replaced existing homesteading laws and required all prospective homesteaders to buy property at market prices.
Purchasing land is the first step to starting a farm in Oregon. Landowners should also make sure that their land is zoned for large scale gardening, farming or raising animals and that local bylaws allow these activities.
Local bylaws and zoning can be a concern, especially in urban areas where restrictions apply as to the kinds of animals that can be raised on privately owned property and how much front yard space homeowners can dedicate to gardening. Some restrictions may apply in some rural areas, as well. Homeowners should contact their local zoning boards to learn what they can and cannot do on their properties.