The capital city of Spain is Madrid. Also the country's largest city and the residence of its monarch, Madrid is located in the heart of the country along the Manzanares River.
Spain also has a number of autonomous regions, each of which has its own capital city. In history, Spain has had a number of different capital cities. Under the Visigoths during the 5th century AD, the capital was at Toledo, and the Byzantines set up a capital at Málaga. The Muslim invaders who conquered Spain in the 8th century set up their capital at Córdoba. However, apart from a brief period in the early 17th century, Madrid has been the capital of Spain since 1561, when Phillip II moved his court there.Learn More
Spaniards celebrate the Day of Madrid on the second of May each year. This day commemorates the rebellion of the Spaniards against occupying French military forces, which happened on May 2, 1808.Full Answer >
Spain, with coast on both the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea, has many seaport cities, including La Coruna on the Atlantic and Barcelona on the Mediterranean. Spain's largest port is in Bilbao on the Bay of Biscay.Full Answer >
Warsaw is the name of the capital city of Poland. Also Poland's largest city, this urban area of 1.7 million people sits on the Vistula River in eastern Poland.Full Answer >
Helsinki is the capital city of Finland. The city is located at the southern tip of the country, by the Baltic Sea. Helsinki was founded in 1550 by King Gustavus of Sweden, before Finland became an independent nation.Full Answer >