Cardinal directions refer to four points on a compass: north, south, east and west. Each cardinal direction is separated from another by 90 degrees out of a 360-degree circle on a compass. North is at the top, east is to the right, south points towards the bottom and west is to the left.Know More
Along the points of the circle, north is zero or 360 degrees, east is 90 degrees, south is 180 degrees and west is 270 degrees. When reading a compass or a map, cartographers and explorers typically orient themselves facing magnetic north using a magnetic compass, which means east is to the right, west is to the left and south is behind.
Cardinal directions are used in many applications such as cartography, travel, sailing, astronomy, geography and orienteering. Mapmakers commonly put north facing upwards on a sheet of paper. Sailors use gyrocompasses to determine a ship's alignment with true north. Astronomers use cardinal directions to describe the locations of stars in the sky as they relate to the celestial sphere.
Points on a compass such as northeast, southeast, southwest and northwest are called primary intercardinal, ordinal or intermediate directions. These points are exactly halfway between the corresponding cardinal directions on a compass. The terms north, south, east and west are derived from Germanic words that replaced corresponding Latin denotations.Learn More
In order to read a compass, first you must study its dial or face. Second, you must know how to find magnetic north. Then you must be able to apply your compass readings to a map.Full Answer >
Calibrating a digital compass is fairly simple process if you know how to force it into its calibration mode. You need an open space to begin the process. Determine whether your compass is a handheld compass or an automatic compass, then set your compass to calibration mode. In an open area, make two full circles within 20 seconds. Turn the calibration mode off. The entire process can take up to 10 minutes based on experience.Full Answer >
An adult can help a kid read a compass by teaching him how to interpret directions on a map. When kids ride in cars, the driver should help the children develop a sense of location by verbally explaining the directions to them. Children can learn to read compasses easier by learning with wristwatches, or by creating their own natural compasses.Full Answer >
North America has no capital city because it is a continent, not a country. However, the countries that make up North America have their own capital cities.Full Answer >