In 2015, the main causes of poverty in Ethiopia are natural disasters and poorly developed agricultural practices. Other causes of poverty in the country are unstable global markets, the spread of HIV/AIDS and malaria, lack of basic infrastructure, and lack of participation in awareness programs and policy-making processes.Know More
In 2015, 80 percent of people in Ethiopia depend on subsistence agriculture. Hence, inefficiencies in agricultural production intensify poverty in this country. Agricultural productivity in Ethiopia is low in 2015 because of the country's lack of agricultural technology. Ethiopian agriculture is typically low on inputs such as pesticides and fertilizer, and most farms rely on rainwater for irrigation. Crops therefore suffer greatly from droughts and other natural disasters. Lack of ability and planning to overcome droughts results in periodic famines. Volatile global markets result in even less access to food supplies when global prices of food and fertilizers increase.
Other factors contributing to poverty in Ethiopia include a lack of basic services and infrastructure such as safe drinking water, health care and education. HIV/AIDS and malaria greatly damage the health of many Ethiopians and kill young people who are the most important providers for their households. People living in rural areas have the least access to services and awareness programs, and have reduced ability to influence policy decisions that are relevant to them. This lack of awareness and involvement reduces people's ability to change their situation.Learn more in Africa
The causes of poverty in Kenya include extreme health problems, drought and unequal distribution of wealth. Diseases like malaria and HIV/AIDS have increased the poverty of the population. The vast majority of Kenyans live in rural areas and lack access to clean water and adequate health care.Full Answer >
Ethiopia was occupied by Italy from May 9, 1936 to May 5, 1941, and was part of the Italian colony of Italian East Africa. Prior to this occupation, Italy had made a failed attempt during the 1880s to claim Ethiopia as a colony.Full Answer >
The country of Ethiopia is located in eastern Africa. The nation shares its borders with Eritrea to the north and northeast, Djibouti and Somalia to the east, the Sudans to the west and Kenya to the south.Full Answer >
Axum is located in the northeast area of what is now Ethiopia. It was a flourishing city from 100 B.C.E. to 650 C.E and was known for its monumental obelisks. It sat high on a plateau and overlooked the Red Sea.Full Answer >