The New Jersey colony had a mild climate with warm summers and mild winters. New Jersey, along with the other Middle Colonies of New York, Pennsylvania and Delaware, had less severe winters than the New England colonies and cooler summers than the Southern colonies. The climate, combined with fertile soil and the general geography, made New Jersey ideal for farming.
New Jersey was often called the breadbasket colony because it grew so many crops, including wheat, corn and rice. Colonists in New Jersey also raised livestock, built ships, and it produced iron ore, lumber, furs and textiles. The geography of the New Jersey colony varied from the lowlands of the Atlantic coastal plain to mountains in the northeast.
The Dutch established the first small settlements in New Jersey. It became an English colony in 1664 when British King Charles II included it in a land grant to his brother James. James then gave it to his friends Lord Berkeley and Sir George Carteret, who founded the colony. The colony was named after the British island of Jersey in the English Channel. One of the original 13 colonies, New Jersey became a state on Dec. 18, 1787, after it ratified the U.S. Constitution.Learn More
The territory that became New Jersey was first explored in 1609 by Henry Hudson, who claimed the land for the Dutch and named it "New Netherlands." The first permanent settlement was the town of Bergen, which was founded in 1660.Full Answer >
New Jersey was named after the Isle of Jersey in the English Channel. This is due to British influence over the colonies in the early years of the United States. New Jersey was originally called New Netherlands and was renamed after the Dutch colonists lost the land to British colonists.Full Answer >
New Jersey is one of the 50 states in the United States. It is located in the northeast, or what is also known as the Middle Atlantic region. New Jersey was prominent as one of the original 13 American colonies.Full Answer >
The state of New Jersey is bordered by New York to the north and east, Pennsylvania to the west, Delaware to the southwest and the Atlantic Ocean to the south and southeast. The state is located n the Middle and Northeastern Atlantic regions of the United States.Full Answer >