South Africa was colonized by two different powers, the Dutch and the English. The Dutch East India Company established the first colony in 1652. The British took over the colony in 1795, returned it during the Peace of Amiens in 1802, and then re-occupied it in 1809.Know More
Before the Dutch and the English arrived, Portugal had a major presence in the southern part of Africa. The country did extensive trading and dominated the area before the Dutch arrived, but never set up an actual colony in the region.
South Africa gained some autonomy from Britain in 1910, and further independence in 1931. South Africa became a fully independent nation on May 31, 1961.Learn more about Africa
Africa is a huge continent with a wide variety of landscapes and climates, from the dry, hot desert climate found in the northern countries in the Sahara desert to the tropical rainforests toward the center of the continent and the subarctic climates found in mountainous regions in southern Africa. There is not a single, dominant climate throughout the African continent, with different geological features such as lowlands or mountain ranges impacting climate differently in different places. However, much of Africa is dominated by the massive Sahara desert, and the continent is home to a huge proportion of the planet's arid lands.Full Answer >
Some of the major landforms in Africa include the Kaapvaal craton and Cape Floral in South Africa, Atlas Mountains, Ethiopian Highlands, Mount Kilimanjaro, Mount Kenya, Sahara Desert, Congo River Basin, Nile River System and the Great Rift Valley. Africa is the second largest continent, in terms of size and population.Full Answer >
There are eight major geographical regions in Africa that influence its landscape. These include the Sahara Desert, the savanna, the Sahel, the African Great Lakes, the Swahili Coast, South Africa and the rain forest. The landscape, climate and biodiversity from one region to another varies greatly. Most of the continent consists of expansive plateaus ending in steep escarpments.Full Answer >
As of 2014, the main animals being poached in Africa are rhinoceros and elephants. Other animals being poached in lesser amounts include lions, leopards, baboons, elands, impala, bushbuck, reedbuck, kudus and warthogs.Full Answer >