According to the United Nations geoscheme, there are nine countries in Western Europe: Austria, Belgium, Germany, Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, Netherlands and Switzerland. However, other definitions of Western Europe generally include more countries.Know More
The following countries are more generally considered to comprise Western Europe: Andorra, Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, Monaco, Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, San Marino, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and the United Kingdom. The Western European and Others Group, an unofficial voting bloc within the United Nations, consists of these countries and Malta. According to the United Nations geoscheme, many of these countries are officially part of Northern Europe or Southern Europe.
In addition to its geographic context, Western Europe also has a political context. This definition developed during the Cold War, and designated the countries affiliated with the Western European Union. This group was a defensive alliance of non-communist countries in Europe, formed in opposition of the countries that comprised the Eastern Bloc. The member countries of the Western European Union were Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands and the United Kingdom, with Greece, Portugal and Spain becoming members several decades after the group originally formed. The nations of Western Europe generally avoided cultural and political influences from the Soviet nations. Countries that were officially neutral during the Cold War were still considered part of Western Europe if their political and economic systems were more similar to the Western countries than the countries of the Eastern Bloc.Learn More
England is bordered by Scotland to the north and Wales to the west. England's southwest and northwest borders are the Celtic and Irish seas, respectively.Full Answer >
As established by the Russian Federation, the dividing line between Europe and Asia is the Ural Mountains. The Urals are a range in Western Russia that runs from the Arctic Ocean to the Ural River in Kazakhstan.Full Answer >
Many places begin with the letter "J," including the city of Johannesburg in South Africa. Johannesburg is the largest city in South Africa and is one of the most industrialized cities on the continent. It was established in 1886 and is 129.71 square miles in area.Full Answer >
Types of compasses include the magnetic compass, the gyro compass, the astrocompass and the GPS compass. A compass is a navigational instrument used to determine direction in relation to the Earth's magnetic poles. The earliest compasses were used in India around 1800 BCE.Full Answer >