The continents were fit together in what is called the Pangaea configuration some 200 to 270 million years ago. They separated gradually because of the movement of the Earth's tectonic plates. As of 2014, they are expected to form another such configuration in 250 million years.Know More
Pangaea was named by meteorologist Alfred Wegener in 1912. The term derives from the Greek for "all lands." Wegener first hypothesized that the present seven continents were once joined as a super-continent. He observed that the borders of continents matched curiously, almost in the manner of an enormous jigsaw puzzle.
Pangaea is only the most recent of Earth's super-continents. The movement of Earth's tectonic plates has caused more than one sequence of continents to coalesce and drift apart. In Pangaea's time, it covered nearly one third of the Earth's surface and was surrounded by Panthalassa, one giant ocean. Pangaea existed during the Permian and Triassic geological time periods, which were times of great change. The Permian mass extinction, which wiped out an estimated 96 percent species about 248 million years ago, occurred during this time.Learn more about Maps & Cartography
All the continents in the world are Asia, Europe, Africa, North America, South America, Australia/Oceania and Antarctica. Most of these continents are in the northern hemisphere.Full Answer >
The name of the ocean that surrounded Pangaea was called "Panthalassa." The supercontinent of Pangaea was completely formed around 270 million years ago, and Panthalassa was the global ocean that surrounded this land mass.Full Answer >
A five-continent model used in some areas of the world lists the continents as: Eurasia, the Americas, Africa, Australia and Antarctica. This is just one of many models used to delineate the Earth's continents.Full Answer >
The continents that the Equator passes through include Australia and Oceania, South America, Africa and Asia. This imaginary line that circles the world traverses 13 countries: Kiribati in Australia and Oceania; Ecuador, Colombia and Brazil in South America; Sao Tome and Principe, Gabon, Democratic Republic of Congo, Congo, Kenya, Uganda and Somalia in Africa and Maldives and Indonesia in Asia.Full Answer >