Antarctica, the fifth largest continent, contains no individual countries or groups of people. However, there are seven countries that claim parts of the continent, and there are many other countries that send groups of scientists and workers each year.Know More
The continent of Antarctica is located in and comprises 20 percent of the Antarctic region of the Southern Hemisphere. It sits in what is known as the Antarctic Convergence, which is where the cold, north-bound Antarctic waters meet the warmer ocean waters.
Antarctica contains no countries or permanent residents. However, nearly 4,000 people visit the continent each year, some of whom are considered semi-permanent residents because as part of scientific communities they remain for extended periods of time. There are also research stations located across the continent that are run by many different countries. The continent is protected from activities such as mineral mining, military activities and nuclear waste disposal and testing through the Antarctic Treaty of 1959. The Treaty has been signed by a number of nations which support the scientific exploration and study on Antarctica.
National Geographic suggests that Argentina, Australia, Chile, France, New Zealand, Norway and the United Kingdom presently claim parts of the continent. Additionally, Australia, Georgia, New Zealand, Norway and the United Kingdom claim the island territories within the Convergence that surround Antarctica.Learn more about Antarctica
Antarctica does not have a capital, for it is not an independent country. Many countries have territorial claims on the continent, but few of them even have cities.Full Answer >
An average of 6.5 inches of snow falls on Antarctica, and most of that snow falls across the outer portions of the continent. The interior receives as little as 1 inch per year, while the coast often receives yards of snow.Full Answer >
The Antarctic Treaty, signed in 1959 by 12 countries, prevents mining in Antarctica. As of 2014, 49 countries have joined in this pact. The treaty also protects the continent from disposal of nuclear waste and testing of nuclear weapons but encourages scientific research.Full Answer >
The closest continent to Antarctica is South America. Antarctica is the fifth largest and the most southerly among the seven traditionally accepted continents. In relation to the other continents, it comprises around 10 percent of the planet's land area.Full Answer >