As of 2014, the countries that border Austria are the Czech Republic, Hungary, Germany, Slovakia, Slovenia, Italy, Switzerland and Liechtenstein. Austria was once the center of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, which fell apart after World War I.Know More
Some of the countries that border Austria are young or have seen major changes since the end of the Cold War. The Czech Republic and Slovakia, which were once a single country called Czechoslovakia, parted peacefully on Jan. 1, 1993. Slovenia declared its independence from the former Yugoslavia on June 25, 1991, and was recognized as a nation-state in 1992 after a brief war.
West and East Germany reunited in 1990 after the fall of the Berlin Wall and the collapse of the Soviet Union. Hungary was also liberated from the Soviet Union after the Cold War and joined the European Union on May 4, 1994. Liechtenstein and Switzerland are famous for their political stability, but neither one is a member of the European Union. Austria joined the EU on Jan. 1, 1995. Italy is a founding member of the EU.
Austria is a German-speaking nation and shares German as an official language with Germany, Switzerland and Liechtenstein. German is also spoken by some communities in the Italian Tyrol, Slovakia, the Czech Republic and Hungary.Learn more about Europe
The Central Europe Programme lists the Czech Republic, Austria, Germany, Italy, Poland, Hungary, the Slovak Republic, Slovenia and Ukraine as Central European countries. There is some disagreement, however, as to which countries should be classified as part of Central Europe.Full Answer >
Eastern Europe includes the countries of Russia, the Czech Republic, Poland, Hungary, Romania, Moldova, Croatia, Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia, Slovenia, Slovakia, Bulgaria, Ukraine, Belarus, Serbia, Montenegro, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Albania, Kosovo and Macedonia. These countries are commonly grouped into the subregions of Eastern Europe, East Central Europe, the Baltics and the Balkans.Full Answer >
The Czech Republic is bordered by Germany to its north and west, Poland to its northeast, Slovakia to its east and Austria to its south. The Czech Republic is a landlocked country located in Central Europe. Its capital city is Prague.Full Answer >
Sweden is bordered by the countries of Finland and Norway. The bodies of water that border Sweden include the Baltic Sea, the Gulf of Bothnia, the Kattegat and the Skaggerak. Sweden comprises a total area of 173,745 square miles, making it a little larger than the state of California.Full Answer >