Ecuador shares a 440-mile border with Colombia to the north and a 950-mile border with Peru to the east and south. It also has a 1,390-mile coastline on the Pacific Ocean to the west.
The exact delineation of Ecuador's border with Peru caused the longest-running international armed conflict in the Western Hemisphere. The dispute began in 1821, when Peru and Gran Colombia, which included Ecuador, declared independence from Spain. It lasted until Oct. 26, 1998, when both countries agreed to a set of borders that they formally drew up beginning on May 13, 1999. Ecuador's northern border with Colombia has also been contentious. In 2008, members of the Colombian military pursued anti-government militants into Ecuador, causing a diplomatic crisis.Learn More
Chile is bordered by Argentina, Bolivia and Peru and is situated between the Pacific Ocean and the Andes Mountains. The total area of Chile is 291,931 square miles.Full Answer >
Ten countries border Brazil, including Argentina, Bolivia, Colombia, French Guiana, Guyana, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Uruguay and Venezuela. The only countries in South America that do not border Brazil are Ecuador and Chile.Full Answer >
Argentina is bordered by Bolivia for 582 miles, Brazil for 785 miles, Chile for 4,158 miles, Paraguay for 1,573 miles and Uruguay for 336 miles. The South Atlantic Ocean also borders Argentina for 3,100 miles.Full Answer >
Ecuador is known for its rich biodiversity, tropical habitats and friendly culture. The warm climate makes it a common destination for travelers because it is easily explored at any time of year. Located in South America, Ecuador has a varied geography with rain forests, mountains and beaches.Full Answer >