The equator passes through 13 countries: Ecuador, Colombia, Brazil, Gabon, Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Uganda, Kenya, Somalia, Maldives, Indonesia, Kiribati, and Sao Tome and Principe. This list does not include territorial waters of other countries through which the equator passes.Know More
All of the countries located on the equator are in both the northern and southern hemispheres, since the equator is the dividing line between the two hemispheres. Three of these countries (Ecuador, Colombia and Brazil) are located on the South American continent. Six of these countries (Gabon, Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Uganda, Kenya and Somalia) are located on the African continent. Maldives, Indonesia, Kiribati, and Sao Tome and Principe are island nations. Indonesia and Maldives are part of Asia, Kiribati is part of Oceania, and Sao Tome and Principe is part of Africa.
More than 78 percent of the equator's 40,075 kilometer length lies over water. The equator passes through the Atlantic Ocean, including the Gulf of Guinea, Lake Victoria, the Indian Ocean, the Molucca Sea, the Halmahera Sea and the Pacific Ocean.
There are no major cities located directly on the equator, but the city of Quito, Ecuador, is located 24 kilometers south of the equator. Mitad del Mundo is a popular equatorial monument and tourist site located near Quito.Learn More
Iceland can be found near the top of the world map: east of Greenland, west of Norway and south of the Arctic Circle. Iceland is located in the North-Atlantic Ocean, just south of the Greenland Sea.Full Answer >
In geography, "relief" refers to the highest and lowest elevation points in an area. Mountains and ridges are typically the highest elevation points, while valleys and other low-lying areas are the lowest.Full Answer >
It is impossible to give an exact figure regarding the number of mountains in the world. There are hundreds of mountains on land and under the sea. There are very few mountain ranges that are very tall and that have a permanent snow cover. The Alps in Europe, the Himalayas in Asia, the Andes in South America and the Rockies and Appalachian mountains in North America are well-known mountain ranges.Full Answer >
The space between contour lines on a topographical map is a contour interval. The contour interval is an even space that represents an increase in elevation. For instance, if the map uses a 20-foot interval, there are contour lines at zero, 20, 40, 60, 80 and 100 feet.Full Answer >