Q:

Which countries make up Europe?

A:

Some of the countries that make up Europe include the United Kingdom, France and Spain. European countries are divided into European Union member states and non-member states.

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Countries that are members of the European Union include:

  • Austria
  • Belgium
  • Bulgaria
  • Croatia
  • Cyprus
  • Czech Republic
  • Denmark
  • Estonia
  • Finland
  • France
  • Germany
  • Greece
  • Hungary
  • Ireland
  • Italy
  • Latvia
  • Lithuania
  • Luxembourg
  • Malta
  • The Netherlands
  • Poland
  • Portugal
  • Romania
  • Slovakia
  • Slovenia
  • Spain
  • Sweden
  • United Kingdom

Non-EU member states include:

  • Albania
  • Andorra
  • Armenia
  • Azerbaijan
  • Belarus
  • Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • Iceland
  • Kazakhstan
  • Liechtenstein
  • Macedonia
  • Moldova
  • Monaco
  • Montenegro
  • Norway
  • Russia
  • San Marino
  • Serbia
  • Switzerland
  • Ukraine
  • Vatican City

When the European Union first formed in 1951, the only member states were Germany, France, Belgium, Italy, Luxembourg and the Netherlands. It has since expanded to include many more member states. All of these states, with the exception of the United Kingdom, have adopted the Euro as their currency. The European Union formed as a means of establishing a trade relationship, and it has strong economic ties with the United States. In addition to participating member states, there are countries that benefit from the union without being members. This includes Switzerland, Norway, Liechtenstein and Turkey.

In addition to internationally recognized states, there are some states that receive partial recognition from the United Nations that exist within Europe. This includes:

  • Abkhazia, which is part of Georgia
  • Kosovo, which is part of Serbia
  • Nagorno-Karabakh, which is part of Azerbaijan
  • Northern Cyprus, which is part of Cyprus
  • Transnistria, which is part of Moldova
  • South Ossetia, which is part of Georgia

Europe is bordered by Asia, and it rests across the Mediterranean Sea from Africa. Some countries also have territory in Asia, including Russia and Kazakhstan.

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Related Questions

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    How many countries are in Europe?

    A:

    There are 50 countries and six dependent territories that make up the continent of Europe. Russia is easily the largest country in Europe, covering over forty percent of the total size. Russia is also the largest country in Europe in terms of population.

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    Eastern Europe includes the countries of Russia, the Czech Republic, Poland, Hungary, Romania, Moldova, Croatia, Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia, Slovenia, Slovakia, Bulgaria, Ukraine, Belarus, Serbia, Montenegro, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Albania, Kosovo and Macedonia. These countries are commonly grouped into the subregions of Eastern Europe, East Central Europe, the Baltics and the Balkans.

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    Western Europe consists of nine countries, including Austria, Belgium, France, Germany, Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, Monaco, Netherlands and Switzerland, according to the United Nations. This designation of Western Europe is part of the geoscheme for the Europe continent that was developed by the United Nations Statistics Division. Europe is divided into other subdivisions, as well, including Northern Europe, Southern Europe, Eastern Europe and Central Europe.

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