The Kingdom of the Netherlands consists of four separate countries, as of 2015. They include the Netherlands itself, plus three independent countries located in the Caribbean: Curacao, Aruba and Sint Maarten.Know More
The political configuration of The Kingdom of the Netherlands was modified by constitutional reform in 2010. This change mandated that the primary country of the Netherlands was redefined to encompass its European land plus three special municipalities: the Caribbean Islands of Bonaire, St Eustatius and Saba. The 2010 reform also elevated the islands of Curacao and St. Maarten to the status of countries, each with their own governments. The fourth country, Aruba, has been an independent country since 1986.
Before the 2010 reforms, the Kingdom of the Netherlands consisted of three countries: the European Netherlands, Aruba, and the Netherlands Antilles. The Antilles encompassed the five islands: Curacao, Sint Maarten, Bonaire, St. Eustatius and Saba. The Netherlands Antilles was dissolved as a political entity by the reform.
The Netherlands is often referred to as Holland, but this is a misnomer. Holland does not exist as a separate country, but the European Netherlands contains two coastal provinces, North Holland and South Holland. Because the Holland region of the Netherlands was historically the dominant location for trade, many foreign traders began referring to the entire region as Holland.Learn more about Europe
The countries that make up Scandinavia are Sweden, Norway and Denmark. Finland and Iceland are sometimes included as well. Sweden, Norway and Finland are found on the actual Scandinavian peninsula in the north of Europe. Denmark is on a peninsula in the north of continental Europe, and Iceland is an island in the North Atlantic.Full Answer >
Germany and Belgium border the Netherlands. To the east, the Netherlands shares a 358-mile border with Germany, while the common border with Belgium to the south runs 279 miles.Full Answer >
The Balkans are usually characterized as the countries of Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Kosovo, Macedonia, Moldova, Montenegro, Romania, Serbia and Slovenia. However, Italy, Greece and Turkey also have significant populations on the Balkan Peninsula.Full Answer >
Continental Europe is made up of every country in Europe except the Channel Islands, Iceland, Ireland, the UK and the Isle of Man. In Europe, continental Europe is often referred to as mainland Europe.Full Answer >