The Kingdom of the Netherlands consists of four separate countries, as of 2015. They include the Netherlands itself, plus three independent countries located in the Caribbean: Curacao, Aruba and Sint Maarten.Know More
The political configuration of The Kingdom of the Netherlands was modified by constitutional reform in 2010. This change mandated that the primary country of the Netherlands was redefined to encompass its European land plus three special municipalities: the Caribbean Islands of Bonaire, St Eustatius and Saba. The 2010 reform also elevated the islands of Curacao and St. Maarten to the status of countries, each with their own governments. The fourth country, Aruba, has been an independent country since 1986.
Before the 2010 reforms, the Kingdom of the Netherlands consisted of three countries: the European Netherlands, Aruba, and the Netherlands Antilles. The Antilles encompassed the five islands: Curacao, Sint Maarten, Bonaire, St. Eustatius and Saba. The Netherlands Antilles was dissolved as a political entity by the reform.
The Netherlands is often referred to as Holland, but this is a misnomer. Holland does not exist as a separate country, but the European Netherlands contains two coastal provinces, North Holland and South Holland. Because the Holland region of the Netherlands was historically the dominant location for trade, many foreign traders began referring to the entire region as Holland.Learn more about Europe
The Iberian Peninsula is made up of the countries of Andorra, Portugal and Spain, in addition to a small piece of France and the British territory of Gibraltar. The most widely spoken languages are Spanish, Portuguese, Catalan, Galician and Basque. The Iberian Peninsula is the third-largest peninsula in Europe, after the Scandinavian and Balkan peninsulas. It is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean, the Mediterranean Sea and the Pyrenees Mountains.Full Answer >
Continental Europe is made up of every country in Europe except the Channel Islands, Iceland, Ireland, the UK and the Isle of Man. In Europe, continental Europe is often referred to as mainland Europe.Full Answer >
The countries that make up the Baltic states are Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania, running from north to south. These states were a part of the Russian Empire until 1920 after having declared independence in 1918. After the Second World War, the three countries became part of the Soviet Union.Full Answer >
Some of the countries that make up Europe include the United Kingdom, France and Spain. European countries are divided into European Union member states and non-member states.Full Answer >