The countries that make up Scandinavia are Sweden, Norway and Denmark. Finland and Iceland are sometimes included as well. Sweden, Norway and Finland are found on the actual Scandinavian peninsula in the north of Europe. Denmark is on a peninsula in the north of continental Europe, and Iceland is an island in the North Atlantic.Know More
Sweden, the largest of the Scandinavian countries, is 173,860 square miles in area and borders Finland and Norway. It's a parliamentary constitutional monarchy. As of 2014, King Carl XVI Gustav is its head of state, Fredrik Reinfeldt is its Prime Minister, and Stefan Löfven is the Prime Minister designate. The population as of July, 2014 was 9,723,809.
The Kingdom of Norway is also a constitutional monarchy that's a bit smaller than Sweden, at 148,747 square miles in area. In 2014, its King is Harald V, and its Prime Minister is Erna Solberg. The population as of July, 2014 was 5,147,792.
Denmark is the smallest Scandinavian country. It is 16,562.1 square miles in area if the territories of Greenland and the Faroe Islands aren't counted. Like Norway and Sweden, it's a constitutional monarchy, with Margarethe II as head of state in 2014. The population as of July, 2014 was 5,569,077.Learn more about Europe
Continental Europe is made up of every country in Europe except the Channel Islands, Iceland, Ireland, the UK and the Isle of Man. In Europe, continental Europe is often referred to as mainland Europe.Full Answer >
Eastern Europe includes the countries of Russia, the Czech Republic, Poland, Hungary, Romania, Moldova, Croatia, Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia, Slovenia, Slovakia, Bulgaria, Ukraine, Belarus, Serbia, Montenegro, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Albania, Kosovo and Macedonia. These countries are commonly grouped into the subregions of Eastern Europe, East Central Europe, the Baltics and the Balkans.Full Answer >
The Balkans are usually characterized as the countries of Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Kosovo, Macedonia, Moldova, Montenegro, Romania, Serbia and Slovenia. However, Italy, Greece and Turkey also have significant populations on the Balkan Peninsula.Full Answer >
The Iberian Peninsula is made up of the countries of Andorra, Portugal and Spain, in addition to a small piece of France and the British territory of Gibraltar. The most widely spoken languages are Spanish, Portuguese, Catalan, Galician and Basque. The Iberian Peninsula is the third-largest peninsula in Europe, after the Scandinavian and Balkan peninsulas. It is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean, the Mediterranean Sea and the Pyrenees Mountains.Full Answer >