The system known as the Nile River flows through the countries of Tanzania, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Kenya, Ethiopia, Eritrea, South Sudan, Sudan and Egypt. The countries through which the White Nile flows are Sudan, South Sudan, Rwanda, Tanzania, Uganda and the Democratic Republic of Congo. The Blue Nile flows through Ethiopia and Sudan. The main portion of the Nile flows through Sudan and Egypt.
The White Nile is the primary source of the Nile River, and it begins at the meeting points of rivers that flow out of the Great Lakes region of Africa. The second major source of the Nile River is the Blue Nile, which begins at Lake Tana in Ethiopia. When these rivers join to together, the resulting river is known simply as the Nile River. Additional sources that are considered part of the Nile River include the Ruvyironza River in Burundi and the Nyabarongo River in Rwanda. The portion of the river that leaves from Lake Victoria in Uganda is known as the Victoria Nile. In total, the river system that is considered the Nile River stretches for a total of 4,258 miles, with the mouth of the river located along the Egyptian coastline of the Mediterranean Sea. The main cities that it flows through are Juba in South Sudan, Cairo in Egypt, Khartoum in Sudan and Jinja in Uganda.