The prime meridian passes through the United Kingdom, France, Spain, Algeria, Mali, Burkina Faso, Ghana and Togo. The prime meridian represents the longitude of 0 degrees.Know More
The prime meridian was established as 0 degrees longitude in 1884 at an international conference. Prior to 1884, countries established their own local starting locations for longitude, but the increase of international commerce led to the need for a standardized prime meridian. The United Kingdom and its former colonies set the Royal Observatory at Greenwich, located outside of downtown London, as the starting location for longitude in 1675. Greenwich was selected as the prime meridian by the majority of 41 delegates at the international conference in Washington, D.C. However, the United Kingdom and the United States were already using Greenwich as the starting point before the official designation.
The prime meridian divides the eastern and western hemispheres, while the equator is the line that divides the northern and southern hemispheres and has a latitude of 0 degrees. The equator is close to 25,000 miles long. It passes through Sao Tome and Principe, Gabon, the Republic of the Congo, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Uganda, Kenya, Somalia, Maldives, Indonesia, Kiribati, Ecuador, Colombia and Brazil. Locations along the equator have a warm climate year round, with an average day temperature around 86 degrees Fahrenheit and an average night temperature of 73 degrees Fahrenheit.Learn more about Maps & Cartography
Halfway between the prime meridian and the 180-degree longitude line is a 90-degree longitude line. There are two 90-degree meridians (lines of longitude), one in each hemisphere.Full Answer >
The prime meridian is internationally recognized as the longitude of the Royal Observatory at Greenwich near London, England, because of the influence of the United Kingdom in the 1800s. This location was selected at an international conference in 1884 by a vote of 22 out of 25 countries.Full Answer >
The Tropic of Capricorn passes through the countries of Australia, Chile, Brazil and South Africa. Brazil is the only country through which both the equator and a tropic travel. The Tropic of Capricorn largely passes through water.Full Answer >
The equator passes through 13 countries: Ecuador, Colombia, Brazil, Gabon, Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Uganda, Kenya, Somalia, Maldives, Indonesia, Kiribati, and Sao Tome and Principe. This list does not include territorial waters of other countries through which the equator passes.Full Answer >