Chile owns Easter Island. It was first inhabited by Polynesians, who call it Rapa Nui. Though the Dutch gave it its modern name in 1722, and it was visited by the English explorer James Cook, Easter Island was annexed by Chile in 1888.Know More
By the time the Chileans took over Easter Island, its population had been decimated by wars, slave raids and disease. Easter Islanders are now considered full citizens of Chile.
Easter Island is famous for nearly 900 mysterious, 13-foot-tall, 13-ton statues called moai. As of 2014, no one knows who brought them to the site or what their purpose is.Learn more about South America
Peru has a tropical Amazon jungle to the east, a coastal desert to the west and the Andes mountains in the middle of the country. The Andes mountains are more than 11,400 feet tall, and overnight temperatures can drop well below freezing.Full Answer >
Brazilians speak Portuguese because the country was once a colony of Portugal. The small European country ruled the much larger South American country for over 300 years. Brazil finally gained its independence in 1822.Full Answer >
Rio de Janeiro is located on the Atlantic coast of Brazil in the southeastern part of the country. The city faces south with a coastline that runs east to west, and it is close to the Tropic of Capricorn.Full Answer >
The main color of the Brazilian flag is green and represents the lush forests and fields of the country. The large, yellow diamond shape in the middle symbolizes Brazil's wealth in gold. The motto on the flag is "Ordem e progresso," which translates as "Order and progress."Full Answer >