California was named by the Spanish following its discovery by Hernan Cortes, but there are two possible origins for its name. One theory says that the name comes from a few descriptive words in Catalan, and the other says that they came from the name of the mythical land of Queen Califa.Know More
When Columbus arrived in the Caribbean, he was told a legend about Matinino Island, where a band of women lived almost entirely without men. In 1524, Cortes also sent along word that he had heard of an island of all women that was defended by high cliffs and filled with gold and pearls. Many maps of the time show California as an island, but Mercator's map corrected this.
The word "California" was used in a romantic book by Garci Rodriguez de Montalvo, in which he describes an island of peace and plenty, calling it "California."
The name may also be less mythical and more descriptive in nature. It is possible that the name came from the Catalan words "calor," which means "hot," and "forn," which means "oven," in reference to the climate of the area. In addition, there is also a Native American phrase "kali forno," which means"high hill," that may also have inspired the name.Learn more about The West
From north to south, the state of California measures roughly 770 miles, while spanning 250 miles from east to west. The drive from the state's northern border it shares with Oregon down south to Mexico takes approximately 15 hours.Full Answer >
Famous attractions in California include Yosemite, Death Valley, Sequoia, Redwood and Channel Islands National Parks, the Golden Gate Bridge, Universal Studios Theme Park and Disneyland. Other attractions include the San Diego Zoo and SeaWorld, Lake Tahoe, Santa Catalina Island, the Hollywood Walk of Fame and Fisherman’s Wharf.Full Answer >
California comprises 155,779 square miles of land, making it the third largest American state behind Alaska and Texas. It is divided into 58 counties and is bordered by Oregon to the north, Nevada to the east and Arizona to the southeast.Full Answer >
The noble gas argon was named by its discoverers, Baron Rayleigh and William Ramsay, in 1894. The name comes from the Greek word argon, the neuter form of the word argos, which means lazy, idle and living without labor. It was so named because of its inert qualities.Full Answer >