California was named by the Spanish following its discovery by Hernan Cortes, but there are two possible origins for its name. One theory says that the name comes from a few descriptive words in Catalan, and the other says that they came from the name of the mythical land of Queen Califa.Know More
When Columbus arrived in the Caribbean, he was told a legend about Matinino Island, where a band of women lived almost entirely without men. In 1524, Cortes also sent along word that he had heard of an island of all women that was defended by high cliffs and filled with gold and pearls. Many maps of the time show California as an island, but Mercator's map corrected this.
The word "California" was used in a romantic book by Garci Rodriguez de Montalvo, in which he describes an island of peace and plenty, calling it "California."
The name may also be less mythical and more descriptive in nature. It is possible that the name came from the Catalan words "calor," which means "hot," and "forn," which means "oven," in reference to the climate of the area. In addition, there is also a Native American phrase "kali forno," which means"high hill," that may also have inspired the name.Learn More
Nevada's name comes from the Spanish word "nevado," which means "snowy." The first Europeans to settle in the region were Spanish, and the name was inspired by the nearby snow-capped mountains.Full Answer >
The modern name of this volcano was given to it by Captain George Vancouver in 1792. He named it in honor of Alleyne Fitzherbert, who was the British ambassador to Spain. Fitzherbert held the title of Baron St. Helens.Full Answer >
From north to south, the state of California measures roughly 770 miles, while spanning 250 miles from east to west. The drive from the state's northern border it shares with Oregon down south to Mexico takes approximately 15 hours.Full Answer >
California comprises 155,779 square miles of land, making it the third largest American state behind Alaska and Texas. It is divided into 58 counties and is bordered by Oregon to the north, Nevada to the east and Arizona to the southeast.Full Answer >