Q:

Where did the Dead Sea get its name?

A:

Quick Answer

The Dead Sea has such a high concentration of salt that few forms of life are able to live in it, which is why it is called “dead.” Only microbes are able to survive its intense salinity.

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Where did the Dead Sea get its name?
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Full Answer

This sea also has other names, such as the Plains Sea and the Salt Sea. Water in the Dead Sea has a density of 1.240 kilograms per liter, much denser than normal bodies of salt water. This density is high enough that it is possible for a person to float very easily in the water. It is so easy that people appear to sink into the water very little. The high salinity makes the water more than eight times as dense as common salt levels in our oceans.

The Jordan River is the main source that fills the Dead Sea, which is completely landlocked. This means that any water flowing into it is trapped until it evaporates. The area is also very hot, so evaporation occurs quickly. Salty minerals in the tributary water that flows into the sea are left behind after evaporation. This pushes the concentration of salt in the landlocked body of water higher and higher. When introduced to the sea, life forms that are more complex than microbes die almost immediately. There are actually 35 different types of mineral salts in the Dead Sea, including magnesium, iodine, potassium and bromine. All of these salts in combination are deadly to life.

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Related Questions

  • Q:

    Where is the Dead Sea?

    A:

    The Dead Sea is a landlocked salt lake located between Israel and Jordan. The eastern shore belongs to Jordan, and the southern half of the western shore belongs to Israel. The Dead Sea is also known as the Salt Sea and is about 1,300 feet below sea level.

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  • Q:

    Why is the Dead Sea so salty?

    A:

    The Dead Sea is almost 10 times saltier than the ocean because of its lack of adequate drainage. It, and the other salty seas such as the Great Salt Lake and the Salton Sea, receives river water that is only slightly salty, but it lacks an outlet that would permit the water to escape its basin. This concentrates dissolved salts in an effect known as a sump.

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  • Q:

    What two countries contain The Dead Sea?

    A:

    The Dead Sea, located between Israel and Jordan, is a salt lake 1,300 feet below sea level. The northeast shores of this lake are located in the Israeli-occupied West Bank.

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  • Q:

    Why do you float in the Dead Sea?

    A:

    Thanks to its extremely high salinity, the Dead Sea makes the human body highly buoyant. With its salt content as high as 35 percent, the sea is 10 times as salty as the average ocean. This high density compared to the average mass of a human being makes for the ideal conditions for floating effortlessly.

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