While most accounts agree that the state name "Illinois" comes from the tribe of Native Americans living there when the area was first explored by Europeans, exactly who brought the name into the English language is not clear. Folk etymologies have arisen to explain the name, although they do not necessarily align with the linguistic evidence.Know More
The name "Illinois" comes from the Ojibwe word "ilinwe" or its plural, "ilinwek." When French explorers and missionaries came to the region, they transliterated the "-we" ending as "-ois" in keeping with French pronunciation at the time. While folk etymologies have reported that this word meant "tribe of superior men," actually it meant something like "he speaks the regular way." The first spelling of the area as "Illinois" occurred as early as the 1670s.
One story regarding the derivation of the word "Illinois" is that Jesuit missionary Father Jacques Marquette learned the word when he arrived in the region in 1674 and asked the people there who they were. Marquette reportedly claimed that "Illinois" meant "the men." Other folk etymology claims state that French explorer Robert de la Salle named the Illinois River after the tribes he found living in the region in 1679, and that the state was later named after the river.Learn More
Michigan's unique geographic feature within the United States is that it consists of two peninsulas. Four of the Great Lakes border Michigan, and a 5-mile channel called the Straits of Mackinac divides it into two separate landforms. The state's freshwater shoreline, which is almost 3,300 miles, is the longest in the continental U.S., and Michigan's 96,716-square-mile land area makes it the largest state east of the Mississippi River.Full Answer >
The frost line in Illinois is 40 inches, so the water in the soil has not been known to freeze deeper than that point. In Chicago, building codes require that concrete supports be poured at a depth of at least 3 feet 6 inches.Full Answer >
Kansas City is in the state of Missouri in the American Midwest. The municipality spans four counties at the western border of Missouri. Downtown Kansas City is located near the confluence of the Kansas and Missouri rivers.Full Answer >
Cleveland's frost line is 42 inches, according to the city's building code. The frost line is measured to determine how deep footings must be for newly constructed buildings. Structures built too far above the frost line may suffer damage from frost heave.Full Answer >