While the specific origin of the Indian Ocean's name is not commonly known, it is generally believed to have been named due to its proximity to India. During the 15th century, when sailing ships were used to transport goods around the known world, the Indian Ocean was the main trade route between Europe and the Far East.Know More
Vasco da Gama, a Portuguese sailor, is considered to have been the first European to enter the Indian Ocean, via the Cape of Good Hope, on his way to India. This ocean, comprising about one-fifth of the Earth's total ocean water, is the smallest of the major oceans at about 28,360,000 square miles.
The Indian Ocean is also the youngest of the world's oceans. When the supercontinent Gondwana began to break up approximately 150 million years ago, the Indian Ocean began to form. It did not achieve its current position and size, however, until about 36 million years ago.
The Indian Ocean is home to a variety of plant and marine life, including seals, whales and tuna. However, because of the warmer temperatures of this ocean, phytoplankton exist only in smaller quantities, thereby limiting the amount of fish and other marine species much more than in the other oceans.Learn More
The Seine River flows about 480 miles through northeastern France, ending in the English Channel. The Seine is an important commercial waterway within the Paris Basin.Full Answer >
Because they are caused by a reduction in the normal amount of rainfall a region receives, droughts can occur anywhere on the planet. For example, some parts of the Amazon River basin were struck by drought in 2005. However, some places do are more susceptible to droughts than others, such as California, the southeastern United States, sub-Saharan Africa and Australia, which have all experienced numerous droughts.Full Answer >
Lake Okeechobee, which is located in Florida, is the largest lake in the southeastern United States. The lake has a total surface area of 730 square miles, making it about one-half the size of Rode Island. Although it is very large, Lake Okeechobee has an average depth of only about 9 feet.Full Answer >
A gulf is a large area of sea or ocean partly enclosed by land, or any large distance between two objects. It can also be used to describe a disproportionate gap between obtained levels in a concept, such as wealth.Full Answer >