Russian political leader Vladimir Lenin led the Bolshevik party, condemned the provisional government hastily established after the fall of the Russian monarchy and promoted an ideology of universal socialism. According to About.com expert Jennifer Rosenberg, Lenin was the driving force behind the violent uprising that began in October 1917 and resulted in the eventual formation of the Soviet Union.
The first acts of Lenin's Bolshevik Revolution included seizure of rail lines, banks, post offices and strategically advantageous bridges. The Bolsheviks also commandeered telegraph offices and equipment. By the end of the second day, the minimally violent coup ended with the Bolsheviks in control of Russia.
Lenin promised that Bolshevik leadership would provide plentiful food, shelter and money for all Russians, but this did not occur. Soldiers returning from the First World War learned that private land had been seized, jobs were non-existent and farmers were growing just enough food to feed their families. Unrest and frustration quickly boiled over, and civil war erupted in the summer of 1918.
Two months into the Civil War, Lenin launched the Red Terror. This initiative included terrorist tactics such as dissenter abductions, assassinations of purportedly disloyal government officials and other actions designed to quash disobedience and rebellion. United Press International reveals that the victims of the Red Terror were often buried in large, unmarked mass graves.Learn More
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Vladimir Lenin rose to power in Russia when he and his associate Leon Trotsky overthrew the nation's provisional government during the October Revolution. The provisional government had been in place since Tsar Nicholas II was removed from power during the February Revolution earlier that year. Many Russians were ready to embrace Lenin's radical ideas because they were poor and tired as a result of the first world war.Full Answer >
The fall of the Russian monarchy to the Bolsheviks near the end of World War I prompted the Red Scare in the United States and other parts of the world. The idea that the lower classes could rise up and overthrow the government put fear into the minds of middle class and the institutions in power at the time.Full Answer >
The causes of the 1917 Russian Revolution were the long-term effects of poverty, industrial revolution, ineffective rule and growing political unrest. As a result, World War I became the catalyst that sparked the revolt.Full Answer >