The state of Michigan is named after the Ojibwe Indian word "Michigama," which means "great lake" or "land surrounded by water." The Ojibwe were one of the eight Native American tribes to reside in present-day Michigan prior to colonization. Michigan's contemporary nickname, The Great Lake State, is a fairly accurate translation of the Ojibwe term.Know More
Michigan was inhabited by Native American Indian tribes from at least 11,000 B.C. When the first Europeans arrived, the three largest tribes in terms of population were members of the Algonquin peoples. The Algonquin were a linguistic group of native peoples who spoke Algonquin, including the Ojibwe, Potawatomi and Odawa tribes. The first European contact came in the form of Frenchman Étienne Brûlé in 1620. For the rest of the 17th century, the French built forts and outposts to establish trade and facilitate colonization, culminating in Fort Pontchartrain du Détroit, which would later become the city of Detroit.
The Ojibwe were the first people to openly interact with the French in Michigan, trading furs and knowledge of the area for guns and goods. They allied themselves with the Potawatomi and Odawa tribes to form what the French called the Council of Three Fires. This united faction used the advanced French weaponry to eventually take over the whole of the southern and northern peninsulas as well as modern-day Wisconsin and most of Minnesota by the end of the 18th century.Learn more about The Northeast
Giovanni da Verrazzano gave Rhode Island its name in 1524. He called the region Rhode Island because it reminded him of the island of Rhodes in the Mediterranean.Full Answer >
The Throgs Neck Bridge got its name because it passes over a peninsula called Throgs Neck in the Bronx, New York. This narrow peninsula juts into the confluence of the East River and Long Island Sound.Full Answer >
The states that border Lake Michigan are Michigan on the north and east sides, Wisconsin on the west, Illinois on the southwest and Indiana on the southeast. The lake is connected with Lake Huron via the Straits of Mackinac.Full Answer >
In a typical winter, ice covers approximately 50 percent of the surface of Lake Michigan, but the lake has never completely frozen over. The lake does not freeze due to a vast reservoir of heat that is contained in the lake and the contrast of the wind and wave actions, according to the Great Lakes Environmental Research Lab.Full Answer >