The Carolina colony was so named for three monarchs named Charles: Charles IX of France, Charles I of England and his son Charles II of England. The Latin name for Charles is Carolus. The name Carolana, or Carolina means "land of Charles" in Latin. The name refers to lands between latitudes 31 degrees and 36 degrees north.Know More
French explorers, under the financing of Charles IX, called the land Carolina in 1563 or 1564. Charles I of England then gave land grants, in 1629, to several lords in return for monetary compensation after they developed the land. The land grant came after news reached Charles I that the French were also interested in the area.
Charles II chartered the Carolina colony in 1663 when the English king gave the territory to eight men, who helped restore the monarchy, after the brief reign of Oliver Cromwell. This charter superseded the original land grant made by Charles I.
Separate governments arose in the Carolina colonies in the late 1600s. One government, in the northeastern part of the territory on the Atlantic coast, became Albemarle County. A second major settlement, now known as Charleston, flourished further south along the ocean. Both areas contained separate legislatures, courts and executives. Despite attempts to unify the colony, North Carolina split from South Carolina in 1712.Learn more in The South
According to the North Carolina state government, the major industries in North Carolina include advanced manufacturing, aviation and aerospace, automotive, agriculture, bio pharmaceuticals, energy, defense, banking, information technology and textiles. The major products produced in North Carolina include livestock, crops, tobacco, chemicals, computers, electronics and granite.Full Answer >
The physical features of North Carolina include mountains, beaches and rolling foothills. There are also islands referred to as the barrier islands on the Outer Banks. These islands are called Cape Fear, Cape Lookout and Cape Hatteras.Full Answer >
The capital of North Carolina is Raleigh. As of 2014, the city has a population of about 432,000 and a land area of 115.6 square miles. It was named after Sir Walter Raleigh and is the county seat of Wake County.Full Answer >
Towns such as Bald Head Island, Beaufort, Calabash, Carolina Beach, Caswell Beach, Emerald Isle, Morehead City and Surf City are among the dozens of small towns located along the North Carolina coast. These towns serve as vacation spots for those who want to get away as well as retirement destinations for those looking for a more permanent spot to relax.Full Answer >