The tribal groups of the Pacific Northwest occupied areas as far south as California, east to the Rocky Mountains, north to Alaska, and west to the Pacific Ocean. There were dozens of different individual tribal groups, each with a distinct culture and language, and unique traditions.Know More
These groups utilized a number of different societal types, based on the regions where they lived. Some, like the Nez Perce, were nomadic, while many coastal groups, such as the Tlingit and Makah, built permanent townships and communal buildings.
Although there was a variety of cultural groups, they all shared several things in common. For example, each tribe relied on annual salmon runs for a majority of their winter stores. Unlike plains tribes, which relied on abundant buffalo herds, the most plentiful source of protein in the Northwest has traditionally been found in rivers, lakes, streams and the ocean itself. This is why many tribal groups developed along the coastal region, and why many of the great rivers in the region, such as the Columbia, Okanagan and Snake, hold significance even today. In the days before Manifest Destiny became a part of American culture, these rivers virtually teamed with fish during the spawning period for native Pacific salmon. Today, those runs are greatly diminished because of commercial fishing and the damming of these great rivers.Learn more in The West
Pikes Peak of the Rocky Mountains has a maximum elevation of 14,115 feet. The mountain is one of 53 in the state of Colorado that rise at least 14,000 feet above sea level.Full Answer >
California comprises 155,779 square miles of land, making it the third largest American state behind Alaska and Texas. It is divided into 58 counties and is bordered by Oregon to the north, Nevada to the east and Arizona to the southeast.Full Answer >
Oregon has a relatively mild climate, largely affected by the Pacific Ocean and the Cascade Mountain Range. West of the mountains, the Pacific Ocean keeps temperatures moderate and precipitation more plentiful in the winter. East of the mountains, less rain and cooler temperatures are the rule during winter.Full Answer >
The lowest point in Oregon is sea level (0 feet) where the state meets the Pacific Ocean. Oregon's coast is 363 miles long. The highest point in Oregon is the peak of Mount Hood at 11,239 feet.Full Answer >