Q:

Why did West Virginia split from Virginia?

A:

Quick Answer

West Virginia split from Virginia in 1861 because the population was divided on the issue of secession from the Union during the Civil War. Many of the plantation owners in the eastern part of the state owned slaves, while plantation owners in the western portion of the state did not. Those who owned slaves dominated both the economy and politics of the state, while self-sufficient farmers had far less power.

Know More
Why did West Virginia split from Virginia?
Credit: http://www.ForestWander.com CC-BY-SA 3.0

Full Answer

Although Virginia joined the Confederacy, West Virginia remained loyal to the Union and was admitted to its ranks as a new state in 1863. Although Virginia did not separate into two states until after the Civil War began, West Virginia had already attempted to become a separate state three times after the American Revolution. Its first two attempts happened in 1775 and 1783 when West Virginians attempted to form the state of Westsylvania by collecting the signatures of 2,000 state residents who were in favor of the change and presenting them to the Continental Congress. The state's residents petitioned the Continental Congress to allow them to create the state of Westsylvania as the 14th colony in the United States. The colony would have included parts of the states currently known as Virginia, West Virginia, Maryland, Kentucky and Pennsylvania. The Continental Congress ignored both of the petitions. In 1769, land speculators attempted to establish the colony once again, calling it Vandalia instead.

Learn more about The Northeast

Related Questions

  • Q:

    What constitutes all of the northern states?

    A:

    A reference to the North in the United States typically means the states that fought against the Confederacy during the Civil War. The North includes Massachusetts, Connecticut, Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, Rhode Island, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Missouri, Nebraska, Minnesota, Michigan, Ohio, North Dakota, South Dakota, Wisconsin, New Jersey, New York and Pennsylvania.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What are some interesting facts about the number 10?

    A:

    Some interesting facts about the number 10 include the Korean alphabet has 10 vowels, Virginia was the 10th state to enter the Union and the metric system is based on the number 10. In England, a person can be convicted of a criminal offense at the age of 10 and can receive a life sentence if found guilty of murder.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What did the term "Yankee" mean during the Civil War?

    A:

    "Yankee" was a name used by Southerners during the Civil War when referring to their northern rivals who were loyal to the Union. Northerners living in states like Rhode Island, Massachusetts, New Hampshire and Connecticut were still referred to as "Yankees" even after the Civil War came to an end.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    How did the Union finance the Civil War?

    A:

    The Union financed the Civil War through war bonds, selling federal lands and instituting an income tax. Passed in 1861, the legislation levied a 3 percent tax against incomes over $800, and was increased twice during the war. The Union's greater tax and industrial base was a major financial advantage.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:

Explore