Physical geography focuses on natural processes of the earth, including climate and plate tectonics, whereas human geography studies the effect and behavior of humans and how they relate to the physical world. The two fields of geography are interrelated.Know More
Physical geography is concerned with the lithosphere, atmosphere, hydrosphere and biosphere. The lithosphere is made up of landforms near or at the surface of the earth comprised of solid and disintegrated rock and the soil cover on the surface. The hydrosphere is the section containing water in all its three states, while the atmosphere is the sphere of air around the earth.
Human geography investigates aspects of people’s way of life, such as language, religion, economic activity, government and art. The field also looks into globalization as a process by means of which cultural aspects transmit across the globe.
Geography relates behavior of man to his physical environment. This is important because physical geographical features determine the kind of activity people living around them can practice. For example, the natural environment in urban areas confines people living there to lifestyles different from those of rural dwellers. Conversely, human activities have a bearing on the physical environment. For instance, industrial carbon emissions are tied to climate change.Learn more about Maps & Cartography
A climate map is a type of map used to provide data about the general weather conditions in particular areas around the world. The information is derived from the long-term observations of climatic factors such as precipitation, temperature, relative humidity, sunlight duration, cloud cover, wind force and direction and atmospheric pressure.Full Answer >
Cartography is important because it allows humans to understand and analyze spatial relationships and make decisions based on those relationships. Maps affect natural resources distribution, transportation, disaster relief and urban planning. Cartography is the study and practice of making maps.Full Answer >
Without plate tectonics, there would be no mountains, earthquakes, volcanoes, tsunamis or continental drift. If the Earth did not move, there may not be any continents at all.Full Answer >
Earth is unique in that scientists have found the planet to be the only one to have liquid water on its surface, intelligent life forms living on it, a moon that helps regulate surface temperatures, an atmosphere with 21 percent oxygen and plate tectonics, according to Space.com. Scientists believe Earth exists in a "Goldilocks zone" where conditions are just right to support life.Full Answer >