Physical geography focuses on natural processes of the earth, including climate and plate tectonics, whereas human geography studies the effect and behavior of humans and how they relate to the physical world. The two fields of geography are interrelated.Know More
Physical geography is concerned with the lithosphere, atmosphere, hydrosphere and biosphere. The lithosphere is made up of landforms near or at the surface of the earth comprised of solid and disintegrated rock and the soil cover on the surface. The hydrosphere is the section containing water in all its three states, while the atmosphere is the sphere of air around the earth.
Human geography investigates aspects of people’s way of life, such as language, religion, economic activity, government and art. The field also looks into globalization as a process by means of which cultural aspects transmit across the globe.
Geography relates behavior of man to his physical environment. This is important because physical geographical features determine the kind of activity people living around them can practice. For example, the natural environment in urban areas confines people living there to lifestyles different from those of rural dwellers. Conversely, human activities have a bearing on the physical environment. For instance, industrial carbon emissions are tied to climate change.Learn more in Maps & Cartography
Human environment interaction has affected the Nile River, which is Egypt's most crucial resource, through industrial and human pollution, by preventing the river's flooding in summer and through the introduction of a new species of fish to the river. During the course of a little more than 100 years, the human impact on the Nile River has negatively affected the lives of the people living close to it as well as the landscape that surrounds it. The construction of the Aswan High Dam in 1899, the introduction of the carnivorous Nile perch to the river and the increase in pollutants, such as nitrogen, phosphorous and various pesticides, have all contributed to significant changes in Egypt's environment.Full Answer >
Earthquakes are natural processes that occur beneath the earth's surface and, if strong enough, their reverberations can not only be felt by humans but can induce significant damage to the environment. Scientists are constantly striving to learn more about the causes and processes of earthquakes. They already have an incredible amount of knowledge on the topic.Full Answer >
A climate map is a type of map used to provide data about the general weather conditions in particular areas around the world. The information is derived from the long-term observations of climatic factors such as precipitation, temperature, relative humidity, sunlight duration, cloud cover, wind force and direction and atmospheric pressure.Full Answer >
Cartography is important because it allows humans to understand and analyze spatial relationships and make decisions based on those relationships. Maps affect natural resources distribution, transportation, disaster relief and urban planning. Cartography is the study and practice of making maps.Full Answer >