Physical geography focuses on natural processes of the earth, including climate and plate tectonics, whereas human geography studies the effect and behavior of humans and how they relate to the physical world. The two fields of geography are interrelated.Know More
Physical geography is concerned with the lithosphere, atmosphere, hydrosphere and biosphere. The lithosphere is made up of landforms near or at the surface of the earth comprised of solid and disintegrated rock and the soil cover on the surface. The hydrosphere is the section containing water in all its three states, while the atmosphere is the sphere of air around the earth.
Human geography investigates aspects of people’s way of life, such as language, religion, economic activity, government and art. The field also looks into globalization as a process by means of which cultural aspects transmit across the globe.
Geography relates behavior of man to his physical environment. This is important because physical geographical features determine the kind of activity people living around them can practice. For example, the natural environment in urban areas confines people living there to lifestyles different from those of rural dwellers. Conversely, human activities have a bearing on the physical environment. For instance, industrial carbon emissions are tied to climate change.Learn more about Maps & Cartography
The desert climate is a harsh climate and survival can be difficult. People live in tents and mud houses. They raise sheep, goats and camels. They eat dates from palm trees and drink goat milk. Cheese made from goat and sheep milk is also a staple in their diet.Full Answer >
Ancient Mesopotamia had a dry glacial climate, along with Egypt and other empires of the ancient Near East. Mesopotamia was located in what is now known as Iraq.Full Answer >
New Zealand's climate ranges from warmer subtropical temperatures in the north to cool, temperate weather in the south. Mountain ranges act as barriers for strong western winds, leaving the country with a diverse climate.Full Answer >
Located east of the Horn of Africa, Socotra is often called the most alien-looking place on Earth. An archipelago comprised of one large island with three smaller islands, Socotra contains nearly 700 species of plants and animals that can't be found anywhere else on the planet.Full Answer >