The difference between Upper and Lower Egypt is social, cultural and geographical. Lower Egypt is mainly made up of the Nile Delta, while Upper Egypt is the country further south. The border between the regions is usually considered to be at a latitude of 30 degrees north.
The political unification of Upper and Lower Egypt is normally attributed to King Menes in 2925 B.C. He merged the two states by declaring himself to be the kng of Upper and Lower Egypt. However, Egypt is still often spoken about as two parts, mainly because of the marked differences in habitation. Lower Egypt is a heavily populated land of fertile soils, while Upper Egypt is mainly desert country with a low population.Learn More
Egypt rests in Northern Africa, situated between the Libya and the Gaza Strip and sharing borders with the Mediterranean Sea, the Red Sea and the Sinai Peninsula. Egypt belongs to the African continent, but like many Northern African nations, bears strong cultural resemblance to many Middle Eastern nations. Egypt boasts a distinct history and serves as home to many iconic features, including ancient pyramids and the Nile River.Full Answer >
Egypt is a located in the eastern part of North Africa and at the southwest corner of Asia. Because of its geographical location, it is called a transcontinental country. The vast and rugged Sinai Peninsula extends to Southwest Asia and serves as a land link between the two continents.Full Answer >
The capital of Egypt is the northeastern city of Cairo. With an estimated 2013 population of more than 7 million, the African city is the largest in the Middle East and second-largest on the continent to Lagos, Nigeria. The metropolitan population ranks as the 16th largest in the world.Full Answer >
Egypt's position geographically causes the country to shift its focus from time to time. The country signed a peace treaty in 1979 with Israel, which served to end decades of fighting between the two countries. Since that time, the countries have been considered strategic partners. Although the U.S. funds Egypt's military efforts, its stance, as of 2014, is neutral with respect to its relationship with Egypt.Full Answer >