The primary difference between Sparta and Athens is their differing systems of government. Sparta is considered an oligarchy, meaning ruled by the few, while Athens is believed by historians to have been a democracy. The ancient Greek word "oligos" translates as "few," and "archia" translates as "rule." Thus, the "rule by the few" is what distinguishes Sparta from Athens.Know More
Government rule in Sparta by kings and politicians--known as "Ephors--differs from Athens' rule by the people, who gathered in the general assembly to express an opinion or to vote.
The ancient Greeks are of two different lineages. Spartans evolved from the Dorian invaders, and the Athenian people are of the Ionian bloodlines. Spartans are remembered for their strong army and brave soldiers. Athenian citizens are known for being architects, art patrons and great lovers of poetry and beauty.
Discipline, order and responsibility distinguish Spartan men and women. For Athenian citizens, excess is the key word. Drinking, gorging and feasting--for men and women--were primary and frequent. Additionally, many historians consider Athens to be the birthplace of democracy and the origin of the modern political assembly.
Spartan, moreover, is still used today to describe someone or some environment, that is minimal or meager.Learn more about Greece
Athens, Greece, had an estimated population of over 3.4 million people as of 2011. Athens is the capital and largest city of Greece and is located near the eastern coast of central Greece. Greece is estimated to have a total population of almost 10.8 million people as of 2014.Full Answer >
While the question of whether Sparta was better than Athens is slightly subjective, it's possible to consider Athens inferior because it fell victim to the temptation of becoming an exploitative imperial power. By contrast, Sparta led an alliance commonly seen as relieving other Greek states of the burden of Athenian hegemony.Full Answer >
The main similarity between Athens and Sparta was their form of government, which featured an elected assembly whose members came from among the people; the primary difference between the two cities came from their way of life, as Spartan life was simple and ascetic, while Athenian life was more highly creative. Another difference involved the two cities' views about their proper relationship with the rest of the Greeks.Full Answer >
The primary difference between Plato and Aristotle lies in their beliefs about what was most authentic about existence. Plato believed that ultimate reality is not present in everyday experiences. Aristotle thought that the everyday world is more authentic than Plato's otherworldly set of ideals.Full Answer >