Most of the decomposers in the ocean, at every trophic level, can be described as either animals or microbes. Animal decomposers live as scavengers, usually on the sea floor, and microbial decomposers, such as bacteria, can be found on nearly every surface or floating freely in the water.Know More
Animal decomposers in the ocean can be from almost any phylum. Crustaceans are especially well-suited to life as scavengers. Crabs, lobsters and some species of shrimp live primarily or exclusively on the remains of dead animals. Among fish, decomposers tend to live at or near the bottom. The sleeper shark and the hagfish are industrious scavengers that can often be seen feeding on the carcasses of dead whales. Filter feeders, such as barnacles and some corals, also derive much or all of their energy from the so-called "marine snow," which is the constant rain of organic detritus from shallow water.
Microbes abound in the ocean, and many of them subsist on dead plant and animal matter. Sulfophilic bacteria are able to flourish at depth, and colonies of them can be seen growing on bones that have settled on the sea floor. These bacteria extract lipids from bone tissue and release hydrogen sulfide as a waste product.Learn more about Bodies of Water
The Atlantic Ocean and the Pacific Ocean meet at Cape Horn, the southernmost tip of South America. Cape Horn is located in the archipelago of Tierra del Fuego in Chile, and its face is a massive 1,391-foot rock.Full Answer >
The warmest ocean in the world is the Indian Ocean. The Indian Ocean, which borders Africa, Asia and Australia on three sides, is located entirely in tropical zones, although it is subject to receiving colder waters from the Southern Ocean.Full Answer >
The average depth of the Indian Ocean is about 13,000 feet. At its deepest point, the Indian Ocean is just under 24,000 feet deep. It is the world's third-largest ocean.Full Answer >
Ocean acidification is a reduction of the pH of the ocean over time, according to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. This is predominantly due to uptake of carbon dioxide from the atmosphere.Full Answer >