Greece experiences a dry-summer subtropical climate, which is commonly referred to as the Mediterranean climate, according to the Köppen climate-classification system. The two main seasons of the Mediterranean climate are a rainy and mild winter that lasts from October to March and a warm, dry summer that lasts from April to September. There are typically long periods of sunshine throughout the year.
Mountain ranges in Spain include the Pyrenees, Cordillera Cantabrica, Sistema Iberico, Sierra de Cuenca, Montes de Toledo, Serrania de Cuenca, Cordillera Betica and Sierra Nevada. The Pyrenees Mountains are located on the border of Spain and France. The highest peak in the range is Pico de Aneto, which rises over 11,154.9 feet above sea level.
The Central Europe Programme lists the Czech Republic, Austria, Germany, Italy, Poland, Hungary, the Slovak Republic, Slovenia and Ukraine as Central European countries. There is some disagreement, however, as to which countries should be classified as part of Central Europe.
Former Yugoslavia is now the six nations of Serbia, Montenegro, Slovenia, Croatia, Macedonia and Kosovo. The six states that are now independent nations began to break away from Yugoslavia in the early 1990s.
Vienna is a city that is located in the country of Austria. Vienna lies close to the borders of Hungary, Czech Republic and Slovakia. Vienna is the capital city as well as one of nine states within the country.
People from Spain are commonly called Spanish or Spaniards. Spain, Spanish and Spaniard all derive from the Latin word "Hispania," a term Romans used to describe the Iberian peninsula. There have been human settlements in the Iberian peninsula since the Neolithic era, as early as 30,000 to 40,000 years ago.
Switzerland is surrounded by five countries: Austria, France, Germany, Italy and Lichtenstein. It is a landlocked country located in the center of Western Europe. Switzerland has an area of almost 16,000 square miles, and its border extends 1,100 miles.
Ireland is called the Emerald Island, or “Emerald Isle,” because of its lush, green countryside. The poet William Drennan (1754 – 1820) first gave Ireland the nickname in his poem “When Erin first rose.” The Atlantic Ocean is the main influence on Ireland’s weather patterns, and the abundant rainfall it causes nourishes the county’s flora.
The Balkans are usually characterized as the countries of Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Kosovo, Macedonia, Moldova, Montenegro, Romania, Serbia and Slovenia. However, Italy, Greece and Turkey also have significant populations on the Balkan Peninsula.
Spain's landscape is a mix between a hilly region with mountain ranges and a low, flat, narrow coastal plain. The coastal plain separates the mountainous region from the surrounding bodies of water.
The remains of Pompeii are located 14 miles from Naples, in the Italian region of Campania. The ancient city of Pompeii lays at the southeastern base of Mount Vesuvius before its eruption.
Greece claims just over 6,000 islands. Located in the Ionian and Aegean seas, only 1,200 of Greece's islands are large enough for habitation. Of the 1,200, only 22 of them actually have inhabitants.
European countries that are not part of the European Union include Norway, Iceland, Liechtenstein, Albania, Switzerland, Turkey, Russia, Macedonia and Montenegro. Of these, two countries, Russia and Turkey, straddle Europe and Asia.
Sweden is located in Northern Europe, along with other Scandinavian countries like Norway and Finland. It is the third-largest country that is a member of the European Union, with a total area of around 280,000 square miles.
The Netherlands is famous for its wooden clogs, windmills, Gouda cheese, tulips and canals. Tourists flock to Noordoostpolder each spring to view the vibrant tulips at the Tulip Festival.
Navarone is an island off the coast of Greece. It is more commonly known as the island of Leros and is a historical World War II site.
Soviet satellite states are the countries that remained occupied by the Soviet Union at the end of World War II and had their governments replaced by governments based on the Soviet model. These countries included Albania, Poland, Bulgaria, Romania, Czechoslovakia, Hungary and East Germany. The term "satellite" was applied because in the view of the West, these were countries effectively caught in the "orbit" of the communist superpower.
The highest mountain in Europe is Mount Elbrus, located in Russia near the border with Georgia. There are two main peaks of Mount Elbrus at 18,442 feet and 18,510 feet. Both peaks are the tops of dormant volcanoes.
Though its name might seem to indicate otherwise, Iceland is not completely covered with ice. This island nation is the site of a significant amount of geothermal and volcanic activity, and there are many hot springs and otherwise non-frozen water sources on the island.
As of 2014, London Heathrow is the biggest airport in Europe, based on passenger volume. In 2013, 72 million air travelers passed through Heathrow, an increase of 3.3 percent from the previous year. The second largest airport in Europe is Charles de Gaulle in Paris.
The Welsh town of Llanfairpwllgwyngyllgogerychwyrndrobwllllantysiliogogogoch claims to have the longest name in Great Britain, and it is likely the longest town name in the world. In Welsh, the double L counts as a single letter, but even with that consideration, this town's name is 53 letters long, just five fewer characters than the name would have if both Ls are counted.