A flat map is called a map projection. These maps are designed to take the spherical nature of the earth and portray it flat so it can be seen and analyzed for different purposes.Know More
Creating a map projection has many uses, but also some disadvantages, including the fact that it will usually distort the realistic nature of the area it represents.
Map projections come in a variety of forms. Cylindrical projections have straight meridian lines and parallel lines. They are formed by taking the map and rolling it as if it were a cylinder. Pseudocylindrical projections are similar, but have straight longitudinal lines and curved meridian lines. Conic projections are taken by forming a cone of the area and distorting scale and distance, except along parallel lines.Learn more about Maps & Cartography
A globe is a three-dimensional object that accurately depicts the geometry of the Earth, while a flat map is a two-dimensional representation that has some distortions. Although globes are more accurate, maps are easier to use.Full Answer >
A two-dimensional map of a large area on Earth geometrically distorts what it is representing, while a globe, which is a sphere, can faithfully display those areas in proportion to one another. This advantage is more important when working with large areas.Full Answer >
A map direction symbol is called a compass rose, and a simple compass rose symbol may only depict the four cardinal directions of north, east, west and south. A compass rose has been used on charts, atlases and maps by navigators since the 14th century. A more detailed compass rose can show many other directions.Full Answer >
A map maker is formally called a cartographer. A cartographer is trained in cartography, which incorporates elements of both science and art.Full Answer >