Many of the foods that are popular today in Peru have been dietary staples in the region for thousands of years and include potatoes, corn, squash, chili peppers, avocados and fish. Potatoes, which are served in a wide variety of dishes in Peru, were grown there long before the Spanish conquistadors first brought them back to Europe during the 1500s. Because of the Humboldt Current that flows off Peru's Pacific Coastline, there is also a great abundance of fish, and ceviche, which consists of raw fish marinated in citrus juice, is practically a national dish.Know More
Peru claims to have developed hundreds of varieties of potatoes and the country is also known for its avocado crop. These two local staples are often combined in a casserole known as "causa." The dish can also contain eggs, tuna or meat and is served cold. Much of the Peruvian cuisine is spicy and is a combination of indigenous and Spanish food. These dishes are usually referred to as Criolla."
Peru's three contrasting geographical regions, which consist of the tropical Amazon rainforest to the east, the highlands of the Andean region and the Pacific coast, have contributed to an equally diverse variety of local menus. The western coastal region has numerous seafood dishes that are served with the abundant national crops of potatoes, rice and corn. The highland area diet is not very different from what the Incas ate prior to the Spanish colonization. Meats, soups and stuffed corn dumplings called "tamales" are often augmented in the Andean region with trout freshly caught in Lake Titicaca, the highest lake in the world. The menus of the eastern tropical region of Peru consist of fresh fruits, vegetables and meats along with plenty of plantains and rice.Learn more about South America
Peru has a tropical Amazon jungle to the east, a coastal desert to the west and the Andes mountains in the middle of the country. The Andes mountains are more than 11,400 feet tall, and overnight temperatures can drop well below freezing.Full Answer >
Although there is no properly quantified population count for the Amazon rainforest area, there are around 20 million indigenous people living in the eight countries that make up the Amazon region; roughly two thirds of these people live in Peru. Most of the people living in the Amazon Basin live in the cities that surround the rainforest, including Belem, Brazil, with a population of 1.9 million and Manaus, Brazil, with a population of around 1.5 million.Full Answer >
The Atacama desert, one of the driest places on Earth, is a desert in South America that stretches about 600 miles from Peru into Chile. On average, the desert receives less than .004 inches of rain per year, which amounts to 4 inches of rain every 1,000 years.Full Answer >
Ecuador shares a 440-mile border with Colombia to the north and a 950-mile border with Peru to the east and south. It also has a 1,390-mile coastline on the Pacific Ocean to the west.Full Answer >