A formal region is an area that is designated by official boundaries. These areas are publicly known and include cities, towns, states, counties and countries.
Regions divide the world into manageable areas that make it easier for geographic studies. There are particular characteristics that help define a region and unify the area. The three types of regions are formal, functional and vernacular. A functional region is defined by its connections — for example, a school district. Vernacular regions are perceived regions. For example, the southern states in the United States are often referred to as simply “the South." Other vernacular regions might include “the Midwest” or the “Middle East.”Learn More
Asia and Australia are the only two continents located entirely in the Eastern Hemisphere. Most of Africa and Europe, and approximately half of Antarctica, also lie in the Eastern Hemisphere.Full Answer >
According to About.com, the Tropic of Cancer is a line of latitude that runs through the Northern Hemisphere, 23.5 degrees north of the equator. Because it encircles the earth, the line also is found in the Eastern and Western Hemispheres.Full Answer >
In geography, a linear scale is a bar or line graphic that shows the distance on the map that is equal to a real-world distance, such as 100 miles. Linear scales are also called bar scales or graphical scales.Full Answer >
Physical geography is the study of all natural forms and processes in an environment. It is one of the two subsets of geography and earth sciences, the other being the study of human geography.Full Answer >