The Aral Sea is situated to the south of Kazakhstan and the north of Uzbekistan. Once the fourth-largest saline lake in the world, today's Aral Sea is much smaller and poisonously saline.
During the 1950s, the Soviet government decided to irrigate the arid region between the Aral Sea and the Pamir Mountains, digging canals and planting cotton farms. However, most of the diverted water soaked into the soil or evaporated, and the sea began to dry up quickly. By 1998, the Aral Sea was only 1/10 of its original size, and the water was so saline fish could not live in it. Despite ongoing post-Soviet protective measures, the sea has recovered only slightly, and water demands from its two bordering countries make hope for future recovery of this once-vigorous biosphere bleak.Learn More
The Orinoco River is located in South America and flows through Venezuela and Colombia. The river empties into the Atlantic Ocean at Delta Amacuro on the Venezuelan coast, while its source is located on the border between Brazil and Venezuela.Full Answer >
The longest river in the world is the Nile. It is 4,160 miles long and is located in northeastern Africa. It passes through eleven countries including Uganda, Ethiopia and the Republic of Congo and is the primary water source for Egypt and Sudan.Full Answer >
The Sea of Japan is located between Japan and Korea, along the northeast section of the continent of Asia. It is separated by the Tsushima and Korea Straights to the south near the East China Sea and by the Tatar Straights to the north from the Sea of Okhotsk.Full Answer >
Earth's oceans are the Pacific Ocean, the Atlantic Ocean, the Arctic Ocean, the Southern Ocean and the Indian Ocean. The Pacific is Earth's largest ocean at over 60 million square miles.Full Answer >