The Fertile Crescent is quarter-moon shaped area of land stretching from Upper Egypt, running through Jordan, Syria and Iraq, and meets the south eastern part of the Mediterranean Sea. Compared to its surrounding dry and arid areas, the Fertile Crescent is moist and fertile and is often called the Cradle of Civilization.Know More
The Fertile Crescent is called the Cradle of Civilization as it is believed to encapsulate the origins of agriculture, organized religion, urbanization, trade, writing and science. With the Fertile Crescent bridging Africa and Eurasia, it is thought to have been an important source and distribution of early flora and fauna and is associated with the location of the Garden of Eden from Jewish, Christian and Muslim faiths.
Because the area lies on a tectonic divergence between African and Arabian tectonic plates, the area consists of tall, snow-covered mountains, desert plateaus and fertile alluvial basins. This wide-ranging landscape has helped increase the diversity of the flora and fauna in the area. It was home to eight crops that were important to early agriculture: emmer wheat, einkorn, chickpeas, lentils, peas, bitter vetch, barley and flax. It was also home to cows, goats, pigs and sheep, which are four of the five most important domesticated species of animals.Learn more about Asia
The primary reason that south and east Asia are combined into a single region is the shared history of the nations that comprise it. As of 2014, 11 countries make up the region of Southeast Asia.Full Answer >
Iraq is bordered by six countries: Jordan to the west, Syria to the northwest, Turkey to the north, Iran to the east, and Kuwait and Saudi Arabia to the south. The borders of Iraq were almost entirely demarcated in 1920 by the League of Nations when the Ottoman Empire was divided by the Treaty of Sèvres.Full Answer >
The two rivers that flow through the Fertile Crescent are the Tigris and Euphrates. These two rivers run from the Turkish mountains, through the Persian Gulf and into Iraq. While they were once a starting point for the Mesopotamian civilization, they have become dryer during the 21st century.Full Answer >
The geographical origins of the Jewish religion can be traced back to the Fertile Crescent, an area of land on the east coast of the Mediterranean Sea that is situated between the Nile, Tigris and Euphrates rivers. This early period is one of the only times in history that a unified Jewish community lived in a single location.Full Answer >