The Fertile Crescent is quarter-moon shaped area of land stretching from Upper Egypt, running through Jordan, Syria and Iraq, and meets the south eastern part of the Mediterranean Sea. Compared to its surrounding dry and arid areas, the Fertile Crescent is moist and fertile and is often called the Cradle of Civilization.
The Fertile Crescent is called the Cradle of Civilization as it is believed to encapsulate the origins of agriculture, organized religion, urbanization, trade, writing and science. With the Fertile Crescent bridging Africa and Eurasia, it is thought to have been an important source and distribution of early flora and fauna and is associated with the location of the Garden of Eden from Jewish, Christian and Muslim faiths.
Because the area lies on a tectonic divergence between African and Arabian tectonic plates, the area consists of tall, snow-covered mountains, desert plateaus and fertile alluvial basins. This wide-ranging landscape has helped increase the diversity of the flora and fauna in the area. It was home to eight crops that were important to early agriculture: emmer wheat, einkorn, chickpeas, lentils, peas, bitter vetch, barley and flax. It was also home to cows, goats, pigs and sheep, which are four of the five most important domesticated species of animals.Learn More
The area referred to as Canaan in the Bible is today known as the southern half of the Levant, a region in the Middle East that is bounded by the Taurus Mountains in the north, the Mediterranean Sea in the west and the north Arabian Desert to the east.Full Answer >
Palestine is not a country, but a geographical region between the Mediterranean Sea and Jordan River. The birthplace of Judaism and Christianity, Palestine is recognized by the United Nations as a Non-Member Observer State.Full Answer >
Israel is located in the Middle East, along the southeastern coast of the Mediterranean Sea. Israel is located at a crossroad between Europe, Asia and Africa.Full Answer >
Some facts about the capital of Korea or Seoul, South Korea are that it's the largest city in South Korea and that it is considered a mega city because it has a population over 10 million. The population was 10,208,302 as of 2009. Seoul covers an area of 233.7 square miles and has an average elevation of 282 feet.Full Answer >