The Middle colonies, the middle region of the 13 colonies, were the states of New York, Pennsylvania, New Jersey and Delaware. Because of their prime locations along the Eastern coast, the Middle colonies were important distribution centers for English merchants. The Middle colonies were also a “middle region” between the North and South.Know More
According to the History Channel, in 1664 King Charles II gave his brother, the Duke of York, the territory located between New England and Virginia. This area was mainly occupied by the Dutch, but the English quickly moved into the area and renamed it New York. Because this area was also occupied by the Scandinavians, French Huguenots, Germans, and Belgian Flemings and Walloons, New York became one of the most diverse colonies.
Iroquois and Algonquian Native American tribes also represented a sizable population of the Middle colonies. In addition, a variety of religions such as the Presbyterians, Quakers, Mennonites, Dutch Calvinists and Lutherans were also prominent in the region.
Later, in 1680 the king gave William Penn, a Quaker and large landowner in Ireland, 45,000 square miles of land west of the Delaware area. Penn named the area “Penn’s Woods,” which later became known as Pennsylvania. Because of his Quaker background, Penn promised religious tolerance to people in Europe seeking religious asylum. Soon, Penn had lured many emigrants to Pennsylvania, which quickly became known as a prosperous egalitarian colony.Learn more in United States
To find a map of the 13 colonies, conduct an Internet search for an "original U.S. colonies map," and select the World Atlas Map. The map shows that most of the original colonies kept their shape after the war of Independence from the British.Full Answer >
The Middle Colonies, now Delaware, New York, New Jersey and Pennsylvania, were originally proprietary colonies governed by landowners or others by grant from England, the Netherlands or France. At other times, they were royal provinces of England under the rule of an appointed governor.Full Answer >
The original 13 colonies were New Hampshire, Connecticut, Delaware, New York, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Virginia, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina and Georgia. The 13 colonies were divided into three geographical regions: the New England Colonies, the Middle Colonies and the Southern Colonies.Full Answer >
Many of the original settlers of New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania and Delaware were immigrants from European nations where they had been persecuted for their religious beliefs. Among them were groups of Quakers, Lutherans, Anglicans, Baptists and Dutch Mennonites, each with their own practices and beliefs. According to the National Humanities Center, this religious pluralism played a role in creating the diverse, religiously tolerant culture of the middle colonies.Full Answer >