The Great Rift Valley describes a large trench system in Eastern Africa that stretches through Ethiopia, Kenya, Uganda and Somalia. The fracture is a result of tectonic plate movement within the Earth's crust. The East African Rift System is a divergent rift, meaning that the plates are moving apart.
In historical geology, the Great Rift Valley referred to a larger rift that spanned from Madagascar all the way into Syria. Geologists are now aware that the rifts are separate from one another though part of the same larger system. In East Africa, the main components are the Nubian Plate, the Ethiopian Dome, the Somalian Plate and the Kenyan Dome.Learn More
The five regions of Africa are Northern Africa, Western Africa, Middle (Central) Africa, Eastern Africa and Southern Africa. Each individual region is categorized directionally, by cardinal (compass) direction.Full Answer >
The Great Rift Valley of East Africa represents Earth’s tectonic activity. According to Geology.com, the tectonic forces active at the site are trying to tear up old tectonic plates to create new ones.Full Answer >
Ethiopia is famous for being the home to several UNESCO World Heritage sites, including several natural and wildlife preserves as well as the rock churches of Lalibela. The Blue Nile also flows through Ethiopia. Ethiopia is also presumed by some scholars as the home of the Queen of Sheba.Full Answer >
Sudan, a country in northeastern Africa, is south of Egypt, east of Chad, north of South Sudan and west of Ethiopia, Eritrea and the Red Sea. Prior to the independence of South Sudan in 2011, the southern border of Sudan was shared with Congo, Uganda and Kenya.Full Answer >