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What are some facts about the Great Sphinx of Giza?

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The Great Sphinx of Giza is located on the Giza Plateau near Cairo. The Sphinx was carved out of limestone and features the head of a human with the body of a lion in a reclining position. The body of the sculpture is carved out of soft yellow limestone, while the head is made of hard grey limestone.

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What are some facts about the Great Sphinx of Giza?
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The Sphinx is approximately 66 feet tall and 240 feet long. It is believed that the blocks of stone carved from the body of the statue were used to build the nearby temples. It was initially believed that the Sphinx was commissioned by 4th Dynasty Pharaoh Khafre. Geological and archaeological evidence suggests that the statue is much older and was restored during Khafre's reign. The Sphinx has been heavily altered by erosion and humans. The nose of the statue is completely missing, and the eyes are very different from their original construction. It is rumored that Napoleon's army used the Sphinx for artillery target practice at one time. For many years, the Sphinx was buried under sand up to the neck of the statue. The base of the statue was uncovered by Emil Baraize, a French engineer, over an 11-year period between 1925 and 1936.

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Related Questions

  • Q:

    What city is the Sphinx located in?

    A:

    The Great Sphinx is located near the northern Egyptian city of Giza on the west bank of the Nile River. The Pyramids of Giza are also located there. The Sphinx, which lies south of the Great Pyramid, is around 24 feet in length and 66 feet in height.

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  • Q:

    What are some of the theories regarding the construction of the Great Sphinx?

    A:

    One of the theories to explain the purpose and symbolism behind the construction of the Great Sphinx at Giza is that it was built to guard the tombs of the pharaohs buried nearby. Support for this theory is based on the symbolism of lions as guardian figures and the monument's body of a lion with a human head, presumably that of a pharaoh. Another theory suggests that the Sphinx was erected by the Egyptian Pharaoh Djedefre to identify his father, Pharaoh Khufu, with the Sun god, Ra, and honor the family dynasty.

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    What are some facts about the Arabian Desert?

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    The Arabian Desert is located in western Asia and covers an area of approximately 900,000 square miles. A substantial portion of the desert lies within the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. It also occupies a majority of the Arabian peninsula.

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  • Q:

    When was the Sphinx built?

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    Although conclusive evidence is lacking, some scholars agree that the Great Sphinx of Giza was constructed during the reign of the pharaoh Khafra, from 2520 to 2494 B.C. Dissenting Egyptologists suggest that the statue was erected by Khafra's father, Khufu, between 2589 and 2566 B.C.

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