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What is the importance of the Taj Mahal?

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Quick Answer

Appearing in several lists of world wonders, the Taj Mahal is not only one of the largest tourist attractions in India, it is also the most well-known example of Mughal architecture. Sometimes described as "the most famous tomb in the world," it reflects the pride and identity of Indian Muslims as an example of the achievements of the age of Mughal rule, a period of progress and stability considered a high point in India's cultural history. According to UNESCO, the tomb is recognized as "the jewel of Muslim art in India."

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What is the importance of the Taj Mahal?
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The tomb, which is taller than a modern 20-story building, was completed around 1653 after more than two decades of construction work. It was built by the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan in memory of his wife, Mumtaz Mahal, who died in childbirth in 1631. The Taj Mahal's design incorporates elements of Islamic, Turkish, Persian and Indian architecture. The white marble of the structure takes on subtle variations of tint and tone at different times of the day. Pollution, however, has been yellowing the white marble and the Indian government has enforced a 4,000-square-mile area, the Taj Trapezium Zone, around the structure with strict emissions standards. Located in the city of Agra, on the banks of the Yamuna River in the northern state of Uttar Pradesh, the Taj Mahal was made a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1983.

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Related Questions

  • Q:

    Why do people visit the Taj Mahal?

    A:

    People visit the Taj Mahal because it is one of the most beautiful and recognized examples of Mughal architecture in the world. It is also considered a great scientific achievement of the wealthy Mughal empire.

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  • Q:

    What is inside the Taj Mahal?

    A:

    Inside the Taj Mahal is a mausoleum for Shah Jahan and his wife, Mumtaz Mahal. Shah Jahan created the Taj Mahal to bury his wife who died in childbirth.

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  • Q:

    When was the Taj Mahal built?

    A:

    Construction of the Taj Mahal started on January 8, 1632. The structure took over 20 years to finish, with the last parts being assembled in 1653.

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  • Q:

    What materials were used to build the Taj Mahal?

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    The materials that were used for the construction of the Taj Mahal included various types of stones and bricks, red and silver clay, tiles, reed glue, glass and a cement-like substance that constituted a mixture of lime mortar, molasses, sugar-bubbles, belgiri-water, urd-pulse, fossilized soil, jute and curd. The Mughal Emperor, Shah Jahan, commissioned masons, inlayers, carvers, bricklayers, calligraphers, painters and other craftsmen to build the colossal structure for his wife, Mumtaz Mahal.

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