There are eight major geographical regions in Africa that influence its landscape. These include the Sahara Desert, the savanna, the Sahel, the African Great Lakes, the Swahili Coast, South Africa and the rain forest. The landscape, climate and biodiversity from one region to another varies greatly. Most of the continent consists of expansive plateaus ending in steep escarpments.Know More
The Sahara is the largest hot desert on Earth. The hottest temperature ever recorded on the planet, 136 degrees Fahrenheit, was taken in the Sahara. It covers 25 percent of Africa and is mostly made up of sand dunes up to 1,000-feet tall and gravely barren plains. Africa has few tall mountains, but some are found in the Ethiopian Highlands. The Great Rift Valley, caused by the upward surge of a vast monolithic dome that split, is located there.
Almost half of Africa is grassland, or savanna. The Serengeti plains cover over 11,500 square miles and contain some of Africa's most iconic wildlife, including zebras, elephants, lions and giraffes. The highest ratio of wildlife to area, however, is found within Africa's rain forests located in central Africa along the Congo River basin. Over 80 percent of Africa's original rain forests have been destroyed, though, due to increased or poorly planned agriculture, forestry and development.Learn more about Africa
More than 25 percent of Africa is desert. The Sahara Desert, the Kalahari Desert and the Namib Desert are the main deserts found in Africa.Full Answer >
Africa is the second largest continent on the Earth and includes about 22 percent of the Earth's land mass. It is also the second most populous continent, with 1.1 billion people, 16 percent of the world's population as of 2014. Half of those people are under 25 years of age. Over 2,000 languages spoken in Africa, and the most commonly spoken language is Arabic, with over 170 million speakers.Full Answer >
The largest country in Africa is Algeria. This country has an area of 919,595 square miles or 2,381,740 square kilometers. Algeria is located is northern Africa and borders Morocco, Tunisia, Libya, Mauritania, Mali, Niger, Western Sahara and the Mediterranean Sea. It is also the tenth largest country in the world.Full Answer >
Africa is a huge continent with a wide variety of landscapes and climates, from the dry, hot desert climate found in the northern countries in the Sahara desert to the tropical rainforests toward the center of the continent and the subarctic climates found in mountainous regions in southern Africa. There is not a single, dominant climate throughout the African continent, with different geological features such as lowlands or mountain ranges impacting climate differently in different places. However, much of Africa is dominated by the massive Sahara desert, and the continent is home to a huge proportion of the planet's arid lands.Full Answer >