There are eight major geographical regions in Africa that influence its landscape. These include the Sahara Desert, the savanna, the Sahel, the African Great Lakes, the Swahili Coast, South Africa and the rain forest. The landscape, climate and biodiversity from one region to another varies greatly. Most of the continent consists of expansive plateaus ending in steep escarpments.Know More
The Sahara is the largest hot desert on Earth. The hottest temperature ever recorded on the planet, 136 degrees Fahrenheit, was taken in the Sahara. It covers 25 percent of Africa and is mostly made up of sand dunes up to 1,000-feet tall and gravely barren plains. Africa has few tall mountains, but some are found in the Ethiopian Highlands. The Great Rift Valley, caused by the upward surge of a vast monolithic dome that split, is located there.
Almost half of Africa is grassland, or savanna. The Serengeti plains cover over 11,500 square miles and contain some of Africa's most iconic wildlife, including zebras, elephants, lions and giraffes. The highest ratio of wildlife to area, however, is found within Africa's rain forests located in central Africa along the Congo River basin. Over 80 percent of Africa's original rain forests have been destroyed, though, due to increased or poorly planned agriculture, forestry and development.Learn more about Africa
Some of the major landforms in Africa include the Kaapvaal craton and Cape Floral in South Africa, Atlas Mountains, Ethiopian Highlands, Mount Kilimanjaro, Mount Kenya, Sahara Desert, Congo River Basin, Nile River System and the Great Rift Valley. Africa is the second largest continent, in terms of size and population.Full Answer >
The lowest point in Africa is Lake Assal, which is 512 feet below sea level. This saline lake located in Djibouti is the third-lowest land depression in the world, following the Dead Sea and the Sea of Galilee.Full Answer >
South Africa was colonized by two different powers, the Dutch and the English. The Dutch East India Company established the first colony in 1652. The British took over the colony in 1795, returned it during the Peace of Amiens in 1802, and then re-occupied it in 1809.Full Answer >
The smallest country in Africa is Seychelles, a group of islands off the continent's east coast. The smallest country on the mainland of the continent is The Gambia.Full Answer >