There are eight major geographical regions in Africa that influence its landscape. These include the Sahara Desert, the savanna, the Sahel, the African Great Lakes, the Swahili Coast, South Africa and the rain forest. The landscape, climate and biodiversity from one region to another varies greatly. Most of the continent consists of expansive plateaus ending in steep escarpments.Know More
The Sahara is the largest hot desert on Earth. The hottest temperature ever recorded on the planet, 136 degrees Fahrenheit, was taken in the Sahara. It covers 25 percent of Africa and is mostly made up of sand dunes up to 1,000-feet tall and gravely barren plains. Africa has few tall mountains, but some are found in the Ethiopian Highlands. The Great Rift Valley, caused by the upward surge of a vast monolithic dome that split, is located there.
Almost half of Africa is grassland, or savanna. The Serengeti plains cover over 11,500 square miles and contain some of Africa's most iconic wildlife, including zebras, elephants, lions and giraffes. The highest ratio of wildlife to area, however, is found within Africa's rain forests located in central Africa along the Congo River basin. Over 80 percent of Africa's original rain forests have been destroyed, though, due to increased or poorly planned agriculture, forestry and development.Learn more about Africa
The Republic of Ghana is on the west coast of Africa between Ivory Coast and Togo. The country is bordered by Burkina Faso to the north and the Gulf of Guinea to the south.Full Answer >
The following deserts are found in Africa: Kalahari, Namib, Chalbi, Danakil, Sahara, Tanzerouft, White Desert, Eastern Desert, Sinai Desert, Blue Desert, Atlantic Coastal Desert and Libyan Desert, which is also called the Western Desert. The deserts in Africa vary widely in size and location. Some, such as the Kalahari and Sahara, are vast stretches of hot and barren lands that cover significant portions of the African continent, while others, such as the Atlantic Coastal Desert, are considerably smaller.Full Answer >
Names of rivers that are in Africa include the Congo river, the Nile river, the Zambezi river, the Niger river and the Orange river. These five rivers are among many rivers on the continent, but are the largest ones.Full Answer >
The longest mountain range in Africa is the Atlas Mountain system. The mountain range spans a length of around 1,500 miles from the southwestern region of Morocco towards Algeria, before ending on the eastern Tunisian boundary.Full Answer >