The official language of Barbados is English. Barbadians also speak an English-based Creole language called Bajan that uses both West African and English terms and grammar.
Barbadians use English for all government, communicative and administrative purposes through the island, but in daily life, people tend to use Bajan. Ethnologue estimates that Barbados has around 13,000 people who use English as their main language and 256,000 people who use Bajan as their main language. There is a small Amerindian population, but they are linguistically assimilated into the larger community. The relatively small number of languages on Barbados reflects the fact that it never changed colonial hands, having remained in British hands from the 17th century until independence in 1966.