Q:

What are main cash crops in Africa?

A:

Cash crops grown in Africa include coffee, tea, tobacco, cotton, cocoa and fruit. African nations vary in type and quantity of crops produced, influenced by factors ranging from climate and topography to demand and economic incentives. Unlike staple crops, which meet basic needs for African citizens, farmers export cash crops solely for economic purposes.

 

Although cash crops emerge from various parts of Africa, most derive from the sub-Saharan region. There, farmers produce many crops and do so in large quantities. Different countries within Africa specialize in various crops. Some produce one or two main cash crops while others, such as Cote d'Ivoire, produce many. Cotton, one staple cash crop, comes from Zambia, Malawi, Burkina Faso and Benin. Uganda, Rwanda, Ethiopia and Cote d'Ivoire produce coffee while tobacco comes from Malawi and Zambia. Lastly, Cote d'Ivoire and Ghana export cocoa.

Crop exports from Africa change depending on global demand, land availability and other factors. Some cash crops emerged relatively recently in African history. Others, however, date back many years. Coffee production, for instance, originated in Africa, first appearing in French Guyana during the 18th century. Several African nations, including Ethiopia, Cote d'Ivoire and Uganda, rank among the leading global coffee producers. Ethiopia exports most of Africa's coffee. Its farms yield slightly less than 4 million pounds each year and employ 12 million citizens. This nation specializes in arabica beans while Cote d'Ivoire and Uganda export robusta beans.

  

Is this answer helpful?

Similar Questions

  • Q:

    What are the main crops grown in Africa?

    A:

    Some of the main crops grown in Africa include cereals and grains, such as corn, wheat and rice, and legumes and fodder, such as beans, groundnut and cowpea. Agriculture employs 65 percent of Africa's labor force and is responsible for 32 percent of its gross domestic product.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What crops are grown in South Africa?

    A:

    The primary crops in South Africa include grains, sugar, fruits, potatoes, tomatoes, cotton, tobacco and tea. Ornamental plants are also common in the country, including gladioli, bulbs, roses, proteas and chrysanthemums.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What are the four main climate zones in Africa?

    A:

    The four main climate zones of Africa are semi-arid, desert and arid, subhumid and humid. The largest is the desert and arid zone, which covers most of northern Africa. The wet period for that zone lasts just three months, which results in little to no vegetation.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    Does it snow in Africa?

    A:

    While many assume that Africa as mainly desert, it is a diverse continent that sees a fair amount of snowfall away from the countries near the equator. Snowfall in Africa is rare, occurring in mountainous regions and in isolated incidences.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:

Explore