The major landforms of Italy are mountains, volcanoes, beaches and islands. The shape of a boot that extends into the Mediterranean Sea is the country's most distinctive feature.
The major mountain range in Italy is the Alps. It is a continuous mountain range that acts as Italy's border with Switzerland, Austria and France. The Alps begin in North Africa and run throughout much of Europe. This mountain range is called the Atlas mountains in Africa. The Alps spread to the Himalayas.
The Vulcano, Stromboli, Vesuvius and Etna volcanoes are all a part of Italy's landscape. Some prominent landforms were created as a result of erupting volcanoes, such as the Seven Hills of Rome. The volcanoes begin their stretch in Tuscany and extend south to Sicily.
Italy has islands near its southern end. Some are made of limestone, and others were created from volcanic ash. Sicily is the largest Italian island at 10,000 square miles. Most of the other islands are quite small in comparison.
During the Quaternary Ice Age, several lakes were formed in what is now Italy, and some are quite deep. In fact, Lake Garda in southern Italy extends 500 feet below sea level. The deepest lake is Lake Como at 1,000 feet deep.Learn More
Three are seven major landforms in France: the Cotentin Peninsula, the Brittany Peninsula, the Channel islands, Corsica, the Alps, Gorges du Verdon and various coastal islands. Taken as a whole, France resembles a pentagon and is bordered by eight countries, including Italy, Germany and Switzerland.Full Answer >
Germany's major landforms include the Zugspitze peak of the Bavarian Alps, the Rhine and Danube rivers, and the Rugen and Usedom islands. The lowland plains are also landforms that are an important part of Germany's landscape. They lie just north of Germany's coastlines of the North Sea and the Baltic Sea.Full Answer >
Major landforms in Spain include the Meseta Plateau, which covers 45 percent of the country, the Andalusian Plain in the southeast, the Pyrenees Mountains that define the border between Spain and France, and the Ebro River Basin in the northeast. Spain is located on the Iberian Peninsula.Full Answer >
The major landforms in the United Kingdom include mountain ranges, marshland, beaches, cliffs, lakes and gorges. The topography of each country differs slightly.Full Answer >