How many countries are in Australia?
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Q:

How many countries are in Australia?

A:

Quick Answer

Australia is the one and only country on the Australian continent. However, the area was originally called Australasia. Australasia included the country of New Zealand and Papua New Guinea.

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Full Answer

Australia is its own country, but it is also a continent at the same time. It comprises the entirety of the continent and there are no other countries within it. Originally, the term “Australasia” described many different countries in the area. These countries included Australia, French Polynesia, Tonga, Papua New Guinea, Niue, Tonga and Kiribati. It also included many islands in the area, including New Zealand, Fiji, Tokelau, Western Samoa, Wallis Futuna and Solomon Island. Others countries that are sometimes included are Tuvalu, Cocos Keeling Island, Nauru, Cook Island, New Caledonia, Pitcairn Island and Vanatu. Altogether, Australasia constituted some 20 countries. However, the practice of including these countries in the same region has fallen out of favor. They are mostly considered separately. Countries in this area are also sometimes referred to as “Oceania.” The countries that make up Oceania also include the Marshall Islands, Micronesia and others. Any of the islands in the Pacific Ocean might fall under the geographical term Australasia, which is why its usefulness as a geographical designation is disputed.

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    How big is Australia?

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    Australia is a massive country, with an area of approximately 2.97 million square miles and a population of approximately 23 million people as of 2014. In comparison, the continental United States has an area of 2.96 million square miles but boasts a much larger population of approximately 316.1 million people.

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    Australia's average temperature, based on data from 1961-1990, is 71.24 degrees Fahrenheit; in 2013, the country experienced one of the warmest years on record, as of 2015, with an average temperature of 73.2 F. Due to the size of the country, the climate in Australia can greatly vary. Overall, Australia has a temperate climate.

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    Why is Australia called "Oz"?

    A:

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