Mount Kosciuszko in Australia was formed between 355 to 490 million years ago during the Ordovician or Lower Devonian periods. Granite rocks were uplifted, folded and eroded over long periods of time. Mt. Kosciuszko rises 7,310 feet high and is part of the Australian Alps in Southeastern New South Wales. It's Australia's highest mainland peak. Unlike the Andes or Himalayas, Mt. Kosciuszko is eroding rather than uplifting.Know More
Extensive glaciers formed around the mountain from 10,000 to 70,000 years ago. Large boulders on Mt. Kosciuszko continue to be worn down by water and ice. Glaciers formed Lake Cootapatamba on the southern side of the peak.
Snowmelt from the mountain feeds rivers and reservoirs responsible for the Snowy Mountains Hydro-electric Scheme. Surrounding peaks include Mts. Townsend, Twynam, North Ramshead and Carruthers. All these peaks are more than 7,000 feet tall. The region is known for winter sports such as skiing.
Mt. Kosciuszko is part of a national park bearing its name. The area was named a UNESCO Biosphere Reserve in 1977 due to its unusual alpine flora and fauna. The mountain was first climbed by Polish explorer Paul Strzelecki in 1840, after which he named the peak for Polish patriot Tadeusz Ko?ciuszko.Learn more about Australia
Australia is both a country and a continent. It is the sixth largest country in terms of land area and is the only large country that is completely surrounded by water. Australia is slightly smaller than the United States.Full Answer >
Australia has not adopted an official national animal, but has designated the red kangaroo and the emu as Australia's "native animals." These two species appear on its shield, the Commonwealth Coat of Arms.Full Answer >
In Australia, the inland desert areas that exist mostly in the country's western regions are known somewhat colloquially as the outback. This includes areas in many of Australia's states, including Victoria, Queensland, New South Wales, Western Australia and the Northern Territory. Though the outback is largely characterized by arid, hot climates and dry, red sand landscapes, there are parts of the outback that, like other large desert expanses, do include oases and other water sources.Full Answer >
Australia is a massive country, with an area of approximately 2.97 million square miles and a population of approximately 23 million people as of 2014. In comparison, the continental United States has an area of 2.96 million square miles but boasts a much larger population of approximately 316.1 million people.Full Answer >