Q:

What are some mountain ranges in Africa?

A:

Quick Answer

The Ruwenzori Range, Atlas Mountains, Virunga Mountains and Aïr Massif are mountain ranges in Africa. The Ruwenzori Range stretches roughly 80 miles along the north-south border of Uganda and Congo. Small lakes, river valleys and glaciers have formed between the towering snow peaks, carrying water to the Semliki River. The tallest section is Mount Stanley, which peaks at 5,119 miles.

Know More
What are some mountain ranges in Africa?
Credit: AFP / Stringer AFP Getty Images

Full Answer

The Atlas Mountains are located near the northwest coast of Africa, extending about 1,200 miles through Morocco, Tunisia and Algeria. The northeastern section, or Tell Atlas, lies close to the Mediterranean Sea and was slowly formed inside a sedimentary basin from folded layers of rock deposits. The lower Saharan Atlas is bordered by desert and contains plateaus, so it was likely formed when plate movement pushed the rock formations upward. The High Atlas in Morocco contains the uppermost peak -- the 13,665-foot tall Mount Toubkal.

The Virunga Mountains are a 50-mile volcanic range on the border of Uganda, Congo and Rwanda. Karisimbi is the highest of eight major peaks, standing 14,787 feet tall, while Nyamulagira and Nyiragongo are the only active volcanoes. Virunga is well-known as a conservation site for mountain gorillas and other wildlife, and its plateaus are heavily populated by farmers.

Aïr Massif is a Saharan range located in Niger. The granite formations reach higher than 6,000 feet and are home to hot springs and ancient rock carvings. The range is mined for important minerals, such as uranium, and its vegetative valleys provide grazing land for livestock.

Learn more in Africa

Related Questions

  • Q:

    What is the tallest mountain in Africa?

    A:

    Kilimanjaro is the tallest mountain in Africa. It is located in Tanzania in east Africa and has an elevation of 19,340 feet. The mountain formed millions of years ago as a result of volcanic activity.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What is the highest mountain peak in South Africa?

    A:

    South Africa's highest mountain peak is Mafadi, which is situated on the border of the Kingdom of Lesotho, a landlocked nation completely surrounded by the Republic of South Africa. The elevation of Mafadi is 11,320 feet, or 11,319 feet according to some sources, and it is the second highest peak in the mountain range known as the Drakensberg. The highest peak within the entire Drakensberg range, at 11,424 feet, is Thabana Ntlenyana, which is situated within the borders of the Kingdom of Lesotho.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What is the name of the mountain range in northwest Africa?

    A:

    The Atlas Mountains are a range in northwest Africa. The range spans approximately 1,500 miles through the countries Morocco, Algeria and Tunisia. Toubkal is its highest mountain peak, at 13,671 feet.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    Does it snow in Africa?

    A:

    While many assume that Africa as mainly desert, it is a diverse continent that sees a fair amount of snowfall away from the countries near the equator. Snowfall in Africa is rare, occurring in mountainous regions and in isolated incidences.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:

Explore