Great Britain has a variety of geological natural resources, including coal, natural gas, petroleum, limestone, chalk, salt, iron ore, slate, clay, zinc, tin, silver, gold and lead. Arable land is also an important natural resource. Twenty-five percent of Great Britain's land is used for farming, and 46 percent is pasture land used for grazing livestock.
Historically, coal has been Britain's richest natural resource. During the 19th and 20th centuries, the British produced enough coal to meet most of their own energy needs. In 1970, they were the world's third largest producer of coal. While Britain still has large coal deposits, it has become more economical to produce coal in other countries, and British production has declined steadily. During the 1960s, oil and gas were discovered under the North Sea, and studies showed huge reserves of shale gas below the North Sea floor.
At one time, Great Britain was a significant producer of minerals such as tin and iron oxide. The Cornwall region once had 2,000 tin mines and was one of the world leaders in tin production. Over the course of centuries, Britain's mineral wealth has been depleted, and most of the minerals mined in Britain are those used in construction, such as gravel, sand and limestone.Learn More
Great Britain is one shortened version of the name of a country with the official name United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. The term "Great Britain" technically refers to the island containing England, Scotland and Wales, so calling the country the United Kingdom is more accurate.Full Answer >
Great Britain is an island that consists of three independent regions: England, Scotland and Wales. Great Britain is part of the country of the United Kingdom, along with Northern Ireland. The southern portion of Ireland is an independent country.Full Answer >
The distance from Great Britain’s northernmost point in Dunnet Head, Scotland, to Lizard Point, its southernmost point, is 600 miles. It is an 823-mile drive. The length of Great Britain’s coastline is 7,700 miles.Full Answer >
The nation of North Korea has a number of natural resources, including tungsten, zinc, graphite, magnesite, coal, iron ore, petroleum, gold, copper, pyrites, hydropower, fluorspar and salt. Most of these resources are dwindled or untapped because of poor government management and a failing economy that cannot make adequate use of them.Full Answer >